The consequences of compulsive sexual behavior: The preliminary reliability and validity of the compulsive sexual behavior consequences scale

Frederick Muench, Jon Morgenstern, Eric Hollander, Thomas Irwin, Ann O'Leary, Jeffrey T. Parsons, Milton L. Wainberg, Betty Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations


The consequences of any excessive behavior can serve as a proxy indicator of problem severity. This appears especially salient for the diagnosis of non-paraphilic compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) because of the influence of societal norms on the pathologizing of frequent consensual ego-syntonic sexual behavior. The current study is a preliminary examination of the psychometric properties, descriptive features, concurrent validity, and ability to detect change over time of a measure designed to assess the consequences of non-paraphilic CSB. The sample consisted of 34 (26 end of treatment) gay and bisexual men enrolled in a double-blind placebo-controlled medication trial testing the efficacy of an SSRI in reducing CSB symptoms. Results indicate that the measure demonstrated good internal and test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, and was able to detect change in symptoms over the course of the 12-week period. Items related to intimate relations were most resistant to change and items related to intrapersonal conflict and impulse control were most likely to change. No differences existed in the reduction of consequences between medication and placebo groups. Consequences were only moderately correlated with frequency measures suggesting these constructs should be examined separately. Taken together, results suggest that measuring consequences can reveal important clues into the domains most affected by CSB, provide clues into those domains that are resistant to change, and aid in individualized treatment planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-220
Number of pages14
JournalSexual Addiction and Compulsivity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2007
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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