The cingulate cortex and spatial neglect

A. M. Barrett, Andrew Abdou, Meghan D. Caulfield

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Spatial neglect is asymmetric attention, orienting, and action causing functional disability. It is linked to higher-order cortical sensory processing; however, spatial motor “Aiming” processing is critical to fundamental, adaptive environmental movement and daily life function. The cingulate cortex, in particular the anterior cingulate and anterior midcingulate cortex, is strongly linked to spatial Aiming deficits and likely to predict daily life disability in spatial neglect. The authors review the impact and mechanisms of spatial neglect and then describe specific symptoms associated with spatial neglect that are theoretically linked to cingulate cortical functions or associated with lesions extending to cingulate regions in a well-characterized spatial neglect cohort. The treatment implications for a link between cingulate cortex spatial Aiming neglect and therapies that improve spatial action, arousal, and persistence are discussed. Clinicians may want to consider theoretically motivated treatments targeted at specific symptoms as well as use treatments supported for spatial neglect based on unselected and uncharacterized groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages129-150
Number of pages22
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume166
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • Arousal
  • Functional disability
  • Motor neglect
  • Motor-intention
  • Spatial Aiming
  • Spatial neglect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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