The C-terminal region of carboxypeptidase E is involved in membrane binding and intracellular routing in AtT-20 cells

Anasuya Mitra, Lixin Song, Lloyd D. Fricker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carboxypeptidase E (CPE), a neuropeptide processing enzyme, is present in neuroendocrine tissues in soluble and membrane-associated forms. The membrane-associated forms do not contain a conventional transmembrane- spanning domain; instead, the C-terminal region of CPE has been proposed to form an amphiphilic helix which binds to the membrane. To test this, and to investigate the possible contribution of this C-terminal sequence to the intracellular sorting of CPE into the regulated pathway, the C-terminal region of CPE was attached to albumin and the recombinant proteins expressed in AtT-20 cells. Albumin itself showed little association with membranes under the conditions examined. A construct containing albumin with only 9 residues of CPE, corresponding to a highly charged region immediately preceding the potential amphiphilic helix region, showed generally similar membrane binding and secretion rates as albumin alone. When the C-terminal 51 amino acids of CPE were attached to the C terminus of albumin and the recombinant protein detected with an antisera raised against the C terminus of CPE, virtually all of the protein was membrane-associated. This finding suggests that the C-terminal region of CPE functions as a membrane anchor. The secretion of albumin with the C-terminal region of CPE was stimulated by a phorbol ester and by forskolin, although the magnitude of the stimulation was smaller than the effect of these compounds on the secretion of CPE. These results imply that the C-terminal region of CPE contains the membrane anchor and contributes to the sorting of this protein into the regulated pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19876-19881
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume269
Issue number31
StatePublished - Aug 5 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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