The Blatchford Score is an useful index in the management of Mallory-Weiss tear and gastrointestinal bleeding Experience from an urban Community Hospital

Subhra Banerjee, Sridevi Bellamkonda, Vivek V. Gumaste

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of individual clinical parameters as well as a composite index like the Blatchford score in predicting the need for endoscopic inter - vention and prognosticating the out come in patients with Mallory Weiss tear presenting with gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our endoscopy database and our EMR system to identify patients with Mallory Weiss tear and collect relevant data. Results: A total of 38 cases with Mallory-Weiss tear were identified at our center over a 5 year period. Thirty-two patients presented with gastrointestinal bleeding constituting 3.1% of all cases presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Nine (28%) of 32 patients were found to have active bleeding or stigmata of recent bleeding at endoscopy and required endoscopic therapy. The Blatchford score ranged from 0 to 11 in the patients with gastro - intestinal bleeding. Nine patients had a Blatchford score < 6 (four 0, five 1-4) while 23 patients had a score > 6. None of the patients with a score < 6 required endoscopic intervention or a blood transfusion while 9 (39%) patients with a score > 6 required endoscopic intervention and 17 (74%) required a blood transfusion. Length of stay was significantly longer in patients with a score > 6. Conclusions: The Blatchford score can be a useful index to risk stratify patients with Mallory Weiss tear who present with gastro - intestinal bleeding with regards to hospital admission and identifying patients who warrant urgent endoscopic intervention, require blood transfusion and are likely to have a longer length of stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-437
Number of pages6
JournalActa Gastro-Enterologica Belgica
Volume75
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

Keywords

  • Blatchford score
  • Endoscopy
  • Gastrointestinal bleeding
  • Mallory-Weiss tear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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