The Basal Nuclei

Terence P. Ma, Howard Geyer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Voluntary movement is essential to the well-being of living animals. Such behaviors are accomplished by signals that direct the actions of individual muscles. Although these signals originate in the cerebral cortex, they are modulated by a variety of subcortical structures. One such group of structures is the basal nuclei and their functionally associated cell groups. Classically, motor systems have been divided into pyramidal and extrapyramidal on the basis of whether the pathway is mediated by corticofugal neurons (pyramidal) or by the basal nuclei, cerebellum, or pathways originating in brainstem (extrapyramidal). However, this distinction is overly simplistic if not inaccurate. Consequently, it is not used here. The basal nuclei are involved in a wide variety of motor and affective behaviors, in sensorimotor integration, and in cognitive functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications
Subtitle of host publicationFifth Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages377-393.e1
ISBN (Print)9780323396325
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 2017

Fingerprint

Basal Ganglia
Group Structure
Pyramidal Cells
Cerebral Cortex
Cerebellum
Cognition
Brain Stem
Muscles

Keywords

  • Basal nuclei
  • Caudate
  • Globus pallidus
  • Movement disorders
  • Putamen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ma, T. P., & Geyer, H. (2017). The Basal Nuclei. In Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications: Fifth Edition (pp. 377-393.e1). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-39632-5.00026-8

The Basal Nuclei. / Ma, Terence P.; Geyer, Howard.

Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications: Fifth Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2017. p. 377-393.e1.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Ma, TP & Geyer, H 2017, The Basal Nuclei. in Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications: Fifth Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 377-393.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-39632-5.00026-8
Ma TP, Geyer H. The Basal Nuclei. In Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications: Fifth Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2017. p. 377-393.e1 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-39632-5.00026-8
Ma, Terence P. ; Geyer, Howard. / The Basal Nuclei. Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications: Fifth Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2017. pp. 377-393.e1
@inbook{d05d4b3e0d8f4574ab357e50f948f52d,
title = "The Basal Nuclei",
abstract = "Voluntary movement is essential to the well-being of living animals. Such behaviors are accomplished by signals that direct the actions of individual muscles. Although these signals originate in the cerebral cortex, they are modulated by a variety of subcortical structures. One such group of structures is the basal nuclei and their functionally associated cell groups. Classically, motor systems have been divided into pyramidal and extrapyramidal on the basis of whether the pathway is mediated by corticofugal neurons (pyramidal) or by the basal nuclei, cerebellum, or pathways originating in brainstem (extrapyramidal). However, this distinction is overly simplistic if not inaccurate. Consequently, it is not used here. The basal nuclei are involved in a wide variety of motor and affective behaviors, in sensorimotor integration, and in cognitive functions.",
keywords = "Basal nuclei, Caudate, Globus pallidus, Movement disorders, Putamen",
author = "Ma, {Terence P.} and Howard Geyer",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-323-39632-5.00026-8",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780323396325",
pages = "377--393.e1",
booktitle = "Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - The Basal Nuclei

AU - Ma, Terence P.

AU - Geyer, Howard

PY - 2017/10/13

Y1 - 2017/10/13

N2 - Voluntary movement is essential to the well-being of living animals. Such behaviors are accomplished by signals that direct the actions of individual muscles. Although these signals originate in the cerebral cortex, they are modulated by a variety of subcortical structures. One such group of structures is the basal nuclei and their functionally associated cell groups. Classically, motor systems have been divided into pyramidal and extrapyramidal on the basis of whether the pathway is mediated by corticofugal neurons (pyramidal) or by the basal nuclei, cerebellum, or pathways originating in brainstem (extrapyramidal). However, this distinction is overly simplistic if not inaccurate. Consequently, it is not used here. The basal nuclei are involved in a wide variety of motor and affective behaviors, in sensorimotor integration, and in cognitive functions.

AB - Voluntary movement is essential to the well-being of living animals. Such behaviors are accomplished by signals that direct the actions of individual muscles. Although these signals originate in the cerebral cortex, they are modulated by a variety of subcortical structures. One such group of structures is the basal nuclei and their functionally associated cell groups. Classically, motor systems have been divided into pyramidal and extrapyramidal on the basis of whether the pathway is mediated by corticofugal neurons (pyramidal) or by the basal nuclei, cerebellum, or pathways originating in brainstem (extrapyramidal). However, this distinction is overly simplistic if not inaccurate. Consequently, it is not used here. The basal nuclei are involved in a wide variety of motor and affective behaviors, in sensorimotor integration, and in cognitive functions.

KW - Basal nuclei

KW - Caudate

KW - Globus pallidus

KW - Movement disorders

KW - Putamen

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041253792&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041253792&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-323-39632-5.00026-8

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-323-39632-5.00026-8

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85041253792

SN - 9780323396325

SP - 377-393.e1

BT - Fundamental Neuroscience for Basic and Clinical Applications

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -