The associations between anthropometric measurements and left ventricular structure and function: the Echo-SOL Study

S. Ponce, M. A. Allison, K. Swett, J. Cai, A. A. Desai, B. E. Hurwitz, A. Ni, N. Schneiderman, S. J. Shah, D. M. Spevack, G. A. Talavera, C. J. Rodriguez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study is to determine associations between anthropometry and echocardiographic measures of cardiac structure and function in Hispanic/Latinos. Methods: A total of 1,824 participants from ECHO-SOL were included. We evaluated associations between echocardiographic measures of left ventricular structure and function and anthropometric measures using multivariable-adjusted linear and logistic regression models adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Results: The mean age was 56 ± 0.17 years, 57% were women. The mean body mass index (BMI) was 30 ± 9.4 kg m−2, waist circumference (WC) was 100 ± 18 cm, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) was 0.93 ± 0.15. Adjusted analysis showed that 5-unit increment in BMI and 5-cm increase in WC was associated with 3.4 ± 0.6 and 1.05 ± 0.05 g m−2.7 (p < 0.05 for both) higher left ventricular (LV) mass index, respectively. Similarly, 0.1-unit increment in WHR was associated with 2.0 ± 0.16 g m−2.7 higher LV mass index (p < 0.01). WHR was associated with 0.22 ± 0.08% decrease in ejection fraction (p < 0.05). Concomitantly, 5-unit increment in BMI and WC was associated with increased odds of abnormal LV geometry (odds ratio 1.40 and 1.16, p = 0.03 and <0.01, respectively); 0.1-unit increment in WHR was associated with increased odds of abnormal LV geometry (odds ratio 1.51, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Among Hispanic/Latinos, higher anthropometric measures were associated with adverse cardiac structure and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)387-395
Number of pages9
JournalObesity Science and Practice
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Hispanics
  • anthropometrics
  • cardiac structure and function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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