Previous work has demonstrated that WT1 (-Ex5/-KTS) potentiates granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mediated granulocytic differentiation. This WT1 isoform suppresses cyclin E, which may contribute to the prodifferentiation effect by slowing proliferation, but WT1 target genes that affect survival might also be involved. We screened a cDNA array and identified the bCL2 family member A1/BFL1 as a new WT1 target gene in 32D cl3 murine myeloblast cells. Induction of WT1 (-Ex5/-KTS) expression is accompanied by up-regulation of A1 on the cDNA array, and this up-regulation was confirmed by semiquantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Moreover, both promoterreporter assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays suggest that this isoform of WT1 activates the promoter directly. Constitutive expression of A1 in 32D cl3 cells induces spontaneous granulocytic differentiation, with both morphologic and cell-surface antigen changes, as well as resistance both to chemotherapy and to withdrawal of interleukin-interleukin-3 (IL-3). Finally, we note an association between WT1 expression and A1 expression in primary acute myeloid leukemia samples. Taken together, these results demonstrate that A1 is a new WT1 target gene involved in both granulocytic differentiation and resistance to cell death, and suggests that these genes might play an important role in the biology of high-risk leukemias.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology