The anesthetic cornea and exposure keratopathy in infants and children

Viral V. Juthani, William J. Dupps

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Corneal anesthesia and exposure keratopathy are important and often overlooked causes of visual loss in infants and children. Corneal anesthesia may be congenital or acquired, and exposure keratopathy may be secondary to corneal anesthesia or mechanical eyelid abnormalities. The evaluation of any child with corneal anesthesia and exposure keratopathy should begin with a careful history seeking to determine the etiology of the condition. The exam should focus on eyelid position, and health of the conjunctival and corneal surfaces. Treatment depends on the underlying etiology, and can be approached in a step-wise fashion depending on the severity of corneal involvement. Active corneal ulceration should be treated aggressively in order to prevent progression of disease, perforation, and loss of vision. Treatment of pediatric corneal anesthesia and exposure keratopathy may be continued for life; however, with careful attention to the integrity and health of the ocular surface, the long-term prognosis may be quite good.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPractical Management of Pediatric Ocular Disorders and Strabismus
Subtitle of host publicationA Case-based Approach
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages121-134
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781493927456
ISBN (Print)9781493927449
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 27 2016

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Keywords

  • Corneal anesthesia
  • Exposure keratopathy
  • Lagophthalmos
  • Neurotrophic keratitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Juthani, V. V., & Dupps, W. J. (2016). The anesthetic cornea and exposure keratopathy in infants and children. In Practical Management of Pediatric Ocular Disorders and Strabismus: A Case-based Approach (pp. 121-134). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-2745-6_12