Assembly of herpes simplex viruses (HSV) is a poorly understood process involving multiple redundant interactions between large number of tegument and envelope proteins. We have previously shown (G. E. Lee, G. A. Church, and D. W. Wilson, J. Virol. 77:2038-2045, 2003) that the virion host shutoff (Vhs) tegument protein is largely insoluble in HSV-infected cells and is also stably associated with membranes. Here we demonstrate that both insolubility and stable membrane binding are stimulated during the course of an HSV infection. Furthermore, we have found that the amino-terminal 42 residues of Vhs are sufficient to mediate membrane association and tegument incorporation when fused to a green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter. Particle incorporation correlates with sorting to cytoplasmic punctate structures that may correspond to sites of HSV assembly. We conclude that the amino terminus of Vhs mediates targeting to sites of HSV assembly and to the viral tegument.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science