Facilitated migration of leukocytes into the central nervous system (CNS) contributes to the pathogenesis of CNS inflammatory disease. Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent ohemotactic stimulant for monocytes and T cells. To determine the potential cytokine regulators of MCP-1 in the CNS, we examined MCP-1 expression in human endothelial cells (EC) and astrocytes, two cellular components of the blood-brain barrier (BBS). EC and astrocytes were treated with TNFa (100 U/ml), IFNy (200 U/ml) or t-1β (2 U/ml) for 5 and 16 hours and compared with pretreatment or treatment with 1 ng/ml TGFβ. In astrocytes, TNFor IL-1, but not IFN, induced MCP-1 mRNA and protein as determined by Northern analysis and ELISA. TGF cotreatment caused a 70% increase in TNF-induced MCP-1 mRNA (p<0.002) and 75% and 50% increases in IFNinduced MCP-1 mRNA and protein, respectively (p<0.04 each). TGF/IL-1 cotreatment caused a 15% decrease in mRNA as compared to IL-1 alone (p<0.02). TGF pretreatment induced significant increases in protein for all three cytokines. At 10 ng/ml, TGF did not cause the increase observed with TNF or IFN cotreatment. In EC, TNFa, IFNy and IL-1p induced MCP-1 mRNA and protein. TGF cotreatment decreased TNF induced protein (20%;p<0.05) and IL-1 induced mRNA and protein (20%;p<0.05 each). TGF pretreatment significantly increased IFN and IL-1 induced mRNA and protein. These cytokines are present in the CNS and the kinetics of their expression may regulate MCP-1 facilitated leukocyte transmigration across the BBB.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology