Background: The microinvasive nature of suprafascial myxofibrosarcoma reduces the accuracy of intraoperative margin assessment, and tumor bed resections after soft-tissue reconstruction are unreliable. In 2017, we began temporizing the excised tumor bed with a wound VAC, delaying soft-tissue coverage until final negative margins were achieved. We compare the oncologic/surgical outcomes of suprafascial myxofibrosarcomas managed with VAC temporization (VT) with single-stage excision/reconstruction (SS). Methods: We retrospectively studied suprafascial myxofibrosarcomas managed from January 1, 2000 to January 1, 2019 for patients who received neoadjuvant or adjuvant radiation and had at least 2 years of oncologic follow-up at a tertiary referral cancer center. Our primary outcome was local recurrence. Comparisons were performed by using Fisher’s exact test or Student’s t test. A p value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Fifty-three patients (18 VAC temporized, 35 single stage) were included. While VT patients were older (74.9 ± 10.2 vs. 63.9 ± 13.6, p = 0.003), treatment groups did not significantly differ with respect to comorbidity, tumor volume, stage and grade. VT patients had significantly fewer local recurrences (5.6% vs. 28.6% after SS, p = 0.048) and R1 resections that required an unplanned readmission for tumor bed reexcision (0% vs. 37.1% after SS, p = 0.002). VT required more total surgeries (2.8 ± 0.9 vs. 1.8 ± 0.9 for SS, p = 0.0002). Postoperative infectious and wound complications were equivalent. Conclusions: Our VAC temporization strategy had a significantly lower LR than SS treatment. While high quality multi-institutional validation is required, VT may represent a paradigm shift in the management of myxofibrosarcoma.
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