Technology Utilization in Fall Prevention

Mooyeon Oh-Park, Thao Doan, Carolin I. Dohle, Valerie Vermiglio-Kohn, Andrew Abdou

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Falls, defined as unplanned descents to the floor with or without injury to an individual, remain to be one of the most challenging health conditions. Fall rate is a key quality metric of acute care hospitals, rehabilitation settings, and long-term care facilities. Fall prevention policies with proper implementation have been the focus of surveys by regulatory bodies, including The Joint Commission and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, for all healthcare settings. Since October 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services has stopped reimbursing hospitals for the costs related to patient falls, shifting the accountability for fall prevention to the healthcare providers. Research shows that almost one-third of falls can be prevented and extensive fall prevention interventions exist. Recently, technology-based applications have been introduced in healthcare to obtain superior patient care outcomes and experience via efficiency, access, and reliability. Several areas in fall prevention deploy technology, including predictive and prescriptive analytics using big data, video monitoring and alarm technology, wearable sensors, exergame and virtual reality, robotics in home environment assessment, and personal coaching. This review discusses an overview of these technology-based applications in various settings, focusing on the outcomes of fall reductions, cost, and other benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume100
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Falls
  • Innovation
  • Patient Safety
  • Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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