Teaching gender to younger and less sexually experienced adolescents in the context of HIV/STD prevention

Jamie Heather Sclafane, Deidrea L. Perry, Marni L. LoIacono, Craig S. Fryer, Elissa Schuler Adair, Ellen Johnson Silver, Laurie J. Bauman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations


Gender beliefs affect adolescents' sexual motivations, perceptions and actions (Moss, 1994) and can endanger sexual health (Haffner, 1998). We believe that teaching youth about gender norms will increase the efficacy of HIV/STD preventive interventions. We were funded by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to develop and evaluate a gender-based intervention for youth aged 13-16. In this paper we summarize the literature on how biological sex and gender roles influence sexual risk behavior among teenagers, summarize some of our own data on gender beliefs of teenagers, describe the Reel World program that we developed to teach gender, and discuss the challenges we faced in teaching gender norms to youth and how we addressed them.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-139
Number of pages21
JournalAmerican Journal of Sexuality Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2005



  • Adolescents
  • Gender
  • HIV/STD prevention
  • Prevention
  • Sexuality
  • Training strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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