Information on the mechanisms of action and of resistance to Taxol, as well as new data from our laboratory on the promoter regions of the genes that encode P-glycoprotein in a murine Taxol-resistant cell line, is discussed. Taxol induces the formation of stable bundles of microtubules, thereby interfering with the normal function of cellular microtubules. The drug can induce the multidrug-resistance (MDR) phenotype that includes the overproduction of P-glycoprotein, a membrane glycoprotein that acts as a drug efflux pump. In human tumors resistant to Taxol, P-glycoprotein could be responsible for maintaining the drug below cytotoxic levels. Analyses of the MDR promoters that are involved in P-glycoprotein expression and overproduction revealed an interesting recombination event in a Taxol-resistant cell line. As an important new clinical agent for the treatment of malignancies, Taxol requires further mechanistic investigations at the preclinical level.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs|
|State||Published - 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research