OBJECTIVE Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is associated with improved outcomes in type 1 diabetes, but racial-ethnic disparities exist in use. We were interested in examining whether addressing structural health care barriers would change provider prescribing behaviors to make CGM access more equitable. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS From January 2019 to December 2021, we used multilevel stakeholder input to develop and implement several non-grant-funded practice transformations tar-geted toward equity, which included 1) developing a type 1 diabetes clinic, 2) conducting social needs assessments and management, 3) training support staff to place trial CGMs at the point of care, 4) optimizing prescription workflows, and 5) educating providers on CGM. Transformations were prioritized based on feasibility, acceptability, and sustainability. To examine effect on prescribing be-haviors, we collected monthly aggregate data from the electronic medical record and performed multiple linear regression to examine and compare change in CGM prescriptions over the 3 years of transformation. RESULTS In total, we included 1,357 adults with type 1 diabetes in the analysis (mean ± SD age 38 ± 18 years; 30% Black [n = 406], 45% Hispanic [n = 612], 12% White [n = 164]; and 74% publicly insured [n = 1,004]). During the period of transformation, CGM prescription rates increased overall from 15% to 69% (P < 0.001). Improvements were seen equally among Black (12% to 72%), Hispanic (15% to 74%), and White adults (20% to 48%) (between-group P = 0.053). CONCLUSIONS Diabetes practice transformations that target equity, offload provider burdens, and focus on feasible sustainable stakeholder-driven solutions can have powerful effects on provider prescribing behaviors to reduce root causes of inequity in CGM among underserved adults with type 1 diabetes. Continued focus is needed on upstream de-terminants of downstream CGM use.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing