We have previously demonstrated that interleukin-17A (IL-17) producing T helper 17 cells are significantly elevated in blood and bone marrow (BM) in multiple myeloma (MM) and IL-17A promotes MM cell growth via the expression of IL-17 receptor. In this study, we evaluated anti-human IL-17A human monoclonal antibody (mAb), AIN457 in MM. We observe significant inhibition of MM cell growth by AIN457 both in the presence and the absence of BM stromal cells (BMSCs). Although IL-17A induces IL-6 production, AIN457 significantly downregulated IL-6 production and MM cell adhesion in MM-BMSC co-culture. AIN457 also significantly inhibited osteoclast cell differentiation. More importantly, in the SCIDhu model of human myeloma administration of AIN457 weekly for 4 weeks after the first detection of tumor in mice led to a significant inhibition of tumor growth and reduced bone damage compared with isotype control mice. To understand the mechanism of action of anti-IL-17A mAb, we report, here, that MM cells express IL-17A. We also observed that IL-17A knockdown inhibited MM cell growth and their ability to induce IL-6 production in co-cultures with BMSC. These pre-clinical observations suggest efficacy of AIN457 in myeloma and provide the rationale for its clinical evaluation for anti-myeloma effects and for improvement of bone disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research