Systemic comorbidities of dry eye syndrome: The Korean national health and nutrition examination survey V, 2010 to 2012

Hyun Cheol Roh, Jimmy K. Lee, Martha Kim, Jong Hyun Oh, Min Wook Chang, Roy S. Chuck, Choul Yong Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To identify systemic comorbidities in patients with dry eye syndrome in South Korea. Methods: From 2010 to 2012, 17,364 participants aged 20 or older were randomly included in the nationwide Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V. The prevalence of dry eye syndrome and demographics of these patients were investigated. We performed conditional logistic regression analyses based on age, sex, residential area, education level, occupation type, and household income level to obtain the odds ratio for each systemic comorbidity among subjects with and without dry eye syndrome. Results: The prevalence of dry eye syndrome in this study was 10.4%. Age [adjusted odds ratio (AOR): 1.02], female gender (AOR: 3.01), and indoor occupation (AOR: 1.30) were associated with a higher prevalence of dry eye syndrome and found to be less prevalent in those residing in rural areas (AOR: 0.73) and with lower education levels (AOR: 0.66-0.99). With regard to systemic comorbidities, dyslipidemia (AOR: 1.63), degenerative arthritis (AOR: 1.56), rheumatoid arthritis (AOR: 1.44), thyroid disease (AOR: 1.79), and renal failure (AOR: 2.56) were associated with a significantly higher prevalence of dry eye syndrome. Conclusions: We found that patients with dry eye syndrome have a higher prevalence of several systemic comorbidities. A more comprehensive therapeutic approach considering the effect of systemic medication may be necessary in these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-192
Number of pages6
JournalCornea
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Comorbidity
  • Dry eye
  • KNHANES
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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