Systematic Fluoroscopic-Echocardiographic Fusion Imaging Protocol for Transcatheter Edge-to-Edge Mitral Valve Repair Intraprocedural Monitoring

Francesco Melillo, Andrea Fisicaro, Stefano Stella, Francesco Ancona, Cristina Capogrosso, Giacomo Ingallina, Davide Maccagni, Vittorio Romano, Stefania Ruggeri, Cosmo Godino, Azeem Latib, Matteo Montorfano, Antonio Colombo, Eustachio Agricola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Whether fluoroscopic-echocardiographic fusion imaging (FI) might offer added value for intraprocedural guidance during transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair is yet unknown, and few data exist regarding the safety and feasibility of this novel technology. Methods: The aim of this single-center study was to test and validate a FI protocol for intraprocedural monitoring of transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair and assess its clinical usefulness. Eighty patients underwent MitraClip implantation using FI guidance (FI+) for either degenerative (35%) or functional (65%) mitral regurgitation and were compared with the last 80 patients before FI introduction, treated using conventional echocardiography and fluoroscopic monitoring (FI−). Results: The number of patients treated for functional and degenerative mitral regurgitation was similar between the FI+ and FI− groups, as well as the number of devices implanted (1.51 ± 0.5 vs 1.58 ± 0.6, P = .46). The prevalence of complex mitral anatomy for percutaneous repair was high (32.5%, up to 39.2% in the hybrid arm). Fluoroscopy time was significantly lower in FI+ patients (37.3 ± 14.6 vs 48.3 ± 28.3 min, P = .003), but not kerma area product (91.5 ± 74.1 vs 108.8 ± 105.0 Gy · cm2, P = .23) or procedural time (92.2 ± 36.1 vs 103.1 ± 42.7 min, P = .086). After adjusting for confounding factors (MitraClip XT device and complex anatomy), FI reduced fluoroscopy time (coefficient = −10.4 min; 95% CI, −18.03 to −2.82; P = .007) and improved procedural success at the end of the procedure (odds ratio, 2.87; 95% CI, 1.00 to 8.24; P = .049) and discharge (odds ratio, 2.24; 95% CI, 1.04 to 4.80; P = .039). Rates of periprocedural complications were similar in both groups (8.9% vs 13.0%, P = .40). Conclusions: The authors describe the systematic use of an FI protocol for intraprocedural guidance during transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair, demonstrating a reduction in fluoroscopy time and an improvement in procedural success in a population with a high prevalence of challenging mitral anatomy for percutaneous repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • 3D echocardiography
  • Fusion imaging
  • Percutaneous mitral valve repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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