Synthetic antibodies with a human framework that protect mice from lethal Sudan ebolavirus challenge

Gang Chen, Jayne F. Koellhoffer, Samantha E. Zak, Julia C. Frei, Nina Liu, Hua Long, Wei Ye, Kaajal Nagar, Guohua Pan, Kartik Chandran, John M. Dye, Sachdev S. Sidhu, Jonathan R. Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

(Chemical Equation Presented). The ebolaviruses cause severe and rapidly progressing hemorrhagic fever. There are five ebolavirus species; although much is known about Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV) and its neutralization by antibodies, little is known about Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV), which is emerging with increasing frequency. Here we describe monoclonal antibodies containing a human framework that potently inhibit infection by SUDV and protect mice from lethal challenge. The murine antibody 16F6, which binds the SUDV envelope glycoprotein (GP), served as the starting point for design. Sequence and structural alignment revealed similarities between 16F6 and YADS1, a synthetic antibody with a humanized scaffold. A focused phage library was constructed and screened to impart 16F6-like recognition properties onto the YADS1 scaffold. A panel of 17 antibodies were characterized and found to have a range of neutralization potentials against a pseudotype virus infection model. Neutralization correlated with GP binding as determined by ELISA. Two of these clones, E10 and F4, potently inhibited authentic SUDV and conferred protection and memory immunity in mice from lethal SUDV challenge. E10 and F4 were further shown to bind to the same epitope on GP as 16F6 with comparable affinities. These antibodies represent strong immunotherapeutic candidates for treatment of SUDV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2263-2273
Number of pages11
JournalACS Chemical Biology
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine

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    Chen, G., Koellhoffer, J. F., Zak, S. E., Frei, J. C., Liu, N., Long, H., Ye, W., Nagar, K., Pan, G., Chandran, K., Dye, J. M., Sidhu, S. S., & Lai, J. R. (2014). Synthetic antibodies with a human framework that protect mice from lethal Sudan ebolavirus challenge. ACS Chemical Biology, 9(10), 2263-2273. https://doi.org/10.1021/cb5006454