The coding potential of murine mammary tumor viral genomic RNA was investigated by in vitro translation of various size classes of RNAs isolated from the virions. The major products of translation of full-size 35S polyadenylated virion RNA were gag-related polyproteins of 75,000, 105,000, and 180,000 daltons (P75, P105, and P180, respectively). Studies on the kinetics of translation of these three proteins established that they were synthesized independently and that the smaller proteins were not post-translational cleavage products of the larger proteins. Tryptic peptide mapping showed that almost all of the P75 sequences were contained within P105 and almost all of the P105 sequences were contained within P180. The syntheses of all three proteins were inhibited by m7GTP, indicating that they were translated from capped mRNA's. Although a 24S polyadenylated RNA had been identified as the intracellular mRNA for env precursor polyprotein, no such protein could be translated from the 24S polyadenylated RNA isolated from the virions. However, translation of a 14S size class of polyadenylated virion RNA yielded four prominent proteins of about 36,000, 23,000, 21,000, and 20,000 daltons. These proteins were unrelated to murine mammary tumor viral structural proteins, as suggested from tryptic peptide mapping and immunoprecipitation data. They might be the products of an as-yet-unidentified gene located near the 3' terminus of the murine mammary tumor viral genomic RNA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science