Synthesis of high molecular weight polyoxyethylene with a quaternary catalyst and study of its conductive blends with poly(2-vinyl pyridine)

Hong Quan Xie, Ji Hong Zhang, Min-Hui Cui, Dong Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

High molecular weight polyoxyethylene (PEO) was synthesized by using a quaternary catalyst composed of triisobutyl aluminum, phosphoric acid, water, and N,N-dimethylaniline (DMA). Optimum synthesis conditions and some properties of the product were studied. This catalyst showed high activity and the molecular weight of the polyoxyethylene obtained can approach one million. The activity of polymerization mainly depends upon the composition of catalyst. The optimum composition is as follows: i-Bu3Al:H3PO 4:H2O:DMA = 1 : 0.17 : 0.17 : 0.10-0.15 (molar ratio).The active centers of the catalyst was thus proposed. The high molecular weight PEO synthesized by this catalyst was blended with poly(2-vinyl pyridine) (PVP) and then doped with LiCIO4 and TCNQ to obtain a conductive elastomeric material. Ionic, electronic, and mixed (ionic-elec tronic) conductivities of blends were investigated. At a Li/ EO molar ratio of 0.1 and a TCNQ/VP molar ratio of 0.5, the mixed conductivity of the blend of PEO/PVP/LiCIO4/ TCNQ is higher than the sum of ionic conductivity of PEO/PVP/LiCIO4 and electronic conductivity of PEO/ PVP/TCNQ, when the weight ratio of PEO to PVP is 6/4 or 5/5. It can reach 4 × 10-6 S/cm at room temperature. Differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, and the appearance of the blend showed that both TCNQ and LiCIO4 can complex with PEO and PVP, thus enhancing the compatibility between PEO and PVP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-569
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Polyethylene oxides
Pyridine
Polyethylene glycols
Molecular weight
Catalysts
Conductive materials
pyridine
Gravimetric analysis
Phosphoric acid
Ionic conductivity
Aluminum
Chemical analysis
Differential scanning calorimetry
Polymerization
tetracyanoquinodimethane
Water

Keywords

  • Blend
  • Catalyst for ring-opening polymerization
  • Conductivity
  • Poly(2-vinyl pyridine)
  • Polyoxyethylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Synthesis of high molecular weight polyoxyethylene with a quaternary catalyst and study of its conductive blends with poly(2-vinyl pyridine). / Xie, Hong Quan; Zhang, Ji Hong; Cui, Min-Hui; Xie, Dong.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 105, No. 2, 15.07.2007, p. 562-569.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "High molecular weight polyoxyethylene (PEO) was synthesized by using a quaternary catalyst composed of triisobutyl aluminum, phosphoric acid, water, and N,N-dimethylaniline (DMA). Optimum synthesis conditions and some properties of the product were studied. This catalyst showed high activity and the molecular weight of the polyoxyethylene obtained can approach one million. The activity of polymerization mainly depends upon the composition of catalyst. The optimum composition is as follows: i-Bu3Al:H3PO 4:H2O:DMA = 1 : 0.17 : 0.17 : 0.10-0.15 (molar ratio).The active centers of the catalyst was thus proposed. The high molecular weight PEO synthesized by this catalyst was blended with poly(2-vinyl pyridine) (PVP) and then doped with LiCIO4 and TCNQ to obtain a conductive elastomeric material. Ionic, electronic, and mixed (ionic-elec tronic) conductivities of blends were investigated. At a Li/ EO molar ratio of 0.1 and a TCNQ/VP molar ratio of 0.5, the mixed conductivity of the blend of PEO/PVP/LiCIO4/ TCNQ is higher than the sum of ionic conductivity of PEO/PVP/LiCIO4 and electronic conductivity of PEO/ PVP/TCNQ, when the weight ratio of PEO to PVP is 6/4 or 5/5. It can reach 4 × 10-6 S/cm at room temperature. Differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, and the appearance of the blend showed that both TCNQ and LiCIO4 can complex with PEO and PVP, thus enhancing the compatibility between PEO and PVP.",
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AU - Xie, Dong

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N2 - High molecular weight polyoxyethylene (PEO) was synthesized by using a quaternary catalyst composed of triisobutyl aluminum, phosphoric acid, water, and N,N-dimethylaniline (DMA). Optimum synthesis conditions and some properties of the product were studied. This catalyst showed high activity and the molecular weight of the polyoxyethylene obtained can approach one million. The activity of polymerization mainly depends upon the composition of catalyst. The optimum composition is as follows: i-Bu3Al:H3PO 4:H2O:DMA = 1 : 0.17 : 0.17 : 0.10-0.15 (molar ratio).The active centers of the catalyst was thus proposed. The high molecular weight PEO synthesized by this catalyst was blended with poly(2-vinyl pyridine) (PVP) and then doped with LiCIO4 and TCNQ to obtain a conductive elastomeric material. Ionic, electronic, and mixed (ionic-elec tronic) conductivities of blends were investigated. At a Li/ EO molar ratio of 0.1 and a TCNQ/VP molar ratio of 0.5, the mixed conductivity of the blend of PEO/PVP/LiCIO4/ TCNQ is higher than the sum of ionic conductivity of PEO/PVP/LiCIO4 and electronic conductivity of PEO/ PVP/TCNQ, when the weight ratio of PEO to PVP is 6/4 or 5/5. It can reach 4 × 10-6 S/cm at room temperature. Differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, and the appearance of the blend showed that both TCNQ and LiCIO4 can complex with PEO and PVP, thus enhancing the compatibility between PEO and PVP.

AB - High molecular weight polyoxyethylene (PEO) was synthesized by using a quaternary catalyst composed of triisobutyl aluminum, phosphoric acid, water, and N,N-dimethylaniline (DMA). Optimum synthesis conditions and some properties of the product were studied. This catalyst showed high activity and the molecular weight of the polyoxyethylene obtained can approach one million. The activity of polymerization mainly depends upon the composition of catalyst. The optimum composition is as follows: i-Bu3Al:H3PO 4:H2O:DMA = 1 : 0.17 : 0.17 : 0.10-0.15 (molar ratio).The active centers of the catalyst was thus proposed. The high molecular weight PEO synthesized by this catalyst was blended with poly(2-vinyl pyridine) (PVP) and then doped with LiCIO4 and TCNQ to obtain a conductive elastomeric material. Ionic, electronic, and mixed (ionic-elec tronic) conductivities of blends were investigated. At a Li/ EO molar ratio of 0.1 and a TCNQ/VP molar ratio of 0.5, the mixed conductivity of the blend of PEO/PVP/LiCIO4/ TCNQ is higher than the sum of ionic conductivity of PEO/PVP/LiCIO4 and electronic conductivity of PEO/ PVP/TCNQ, when the weight ratio of PEO to PVP is 6/4 or 5/5. It can reach 4 × 10-6 S/cm at room temperature. Differential scanning calorimetry, thermal gravimetric analysis, and the appearance of the blend showed that both TCNQ and LiCIO4 can complex with PEO and PVP, thus enhancing the compatibility between PEO and PVP.

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