The phytosphingosine-containing α-galactosylceramides (α-GalCers), KRN7000 and OCH, have been shown to activate NKT cells via interaction with CD1d, a member of the CD1 family of antigen presenting proteins. Evidence from KRN7000 stimulation of NKT cells suggests that α-GalCers may have applications in the treatment or prevention of a range of viral, bacterial, and autoimmune conditions. Moreover, OCH, a truncated analogue of KRN7000, appears to induce a TH2 bias, which could have implications for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory conditions. We have prepared the direct sphinganine-containing analogues of KRN7000 and OCH, 1 and 2, and found them to be comparable in activity to the parent compounds in inducing the release of IL-2, IL-4, and IFNγ. In addition, compound 2 leads to a cytokine bias similar to that seen with OCH. This is significant because sphinganines are more easily accessed than phytosphingosines, which should facilitate SAR studies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry