Survival Disparities in Black Patients With EGFR-mutated Non–small-cell Lung Cancer

Haiying Cheng, H. Dean Hosgood, Lei Deng, Kenny Ye, Christopher Su, Janaki Sharma, Yuanquan Yang, Balazs Halmos, Roman Perez-Soler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Little is known about the difference between black and non-black patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutated non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), particularly regarding survival. We thus characterized the EGFR expression profile, clinical characteristics, and survival outcome in these patients. Patient and Methods: We reviewed the cancer registry and patient charts at a New York-Bronx network (n = 2773) treating a large population of minority patients, for non-squamous NSCLC (n = 1986) diagnosed between 2009 and 2015. Survival was adjusted for smoking, gender, age, weight, and stage. Results: The EGFR mutation rate was 15% (98/652) in tested patients (black, 14%; non-black, 16%). There was no significant difference between the 2 cohorts with respect to age at diagnosis, gender, presenting stages, and socioeconomic status. On the other hand, weight was noted to be heavier in black patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC than their non-black counterparts (P = .012). After adjusting for gender, age, smoking status, weight, and stage, the multivariate analysis revealed no racial disparity in survival among patients with wild-type EGFR (P = .774); However, among patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC, black patients had shorter survival in comparison with non-black patients (P = .001), with 2-year survival rates being 33% versus 61%, respectively. Such shorter survival was also observed among EGFR-inhibitor treated patients with common EGFR mutations (P = .040). Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first report of inferior survival among black patients with NSCLC with EGFR mutations, relative to non-black patients. The survival disparities suggest the need of more tailored management for this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-185
Number of pages9
JournalClinical lung cancer
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Black patients
  • EGFR
  • Lung cancer
  • Survival
  • Uncommon EGFR mutations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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