Surgical Treatment of Patients With Infective Endocarditis After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Norman Mangner, David del Val, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Lisa Crusius, Eric Durand, Nikolaj Ihlemann, Marina Urena, Costanza Pellegrini, Francesco Giannini, Tomasz Gasior, Wojtek Wojakowski, Martin Landt, Vincent Auffret, Jan Malte Sinning, Asim N. Cheema, Luis Nombela-Franco, Chekrallah Chamandi, Francisco Campelo-Parada, Erika Munoz-Garcia, Howard C. HerrmannLuca Testa, Won Keun Kim, Juan Carlos Castillo, Alberto Alperi, Didier Tchetche, Antonio L. Bartorelli, Samir Kapadia, Stefan Stortecky, Ignacio Amat-Santos, Harindra C. Wijeysundera, John Lisko, Enrique Gutiérrez-Ibanes, Vicenç Serra, Luisa Salido, Abdullah Alkhodair, Ugolino Livi, Tarun Chakravarty, Stamatios Lerakis, Victoria Vilalta, Ander Regueiro, Rafael Romaguera, Utz Kappert, Marco Barbanti, Jean Bernard Masson, Frédéric Maes, Claudia Fiorina, Antonio Miceli, Susheel Kodali, Henrique B. Ribeiro, Jose Armando Mangione, Fabio Sandoli de Brito, Guglielmo Mario Actis Dato, Francesco Rosato, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Valter Correia de Lima, Alexandre Siciliano Colafranceschi, Alexandre Abizaid, Marcos Antonio Marino, Vinicius Esteves, Julio Andrea, Roger R. Godinho, Fernando Alfonso, Helene Eltchaninoff, Lars Søndergaard, Dominique Himbert, Oliver Husser, Azeem Latib, Hervé Le Breton, Clement Servoz, Isaac Pascual, Saif Siddiqui, Paolo Olivares, Rosana Hernandez-Antolin, John G. Webb, Sandro Sponga, Raj Makkar, Annapoorna S. Kini, Marouane Boukhris, Philippe Gervais, Mélanie Côté, David Holzhey, Axel Linke, Josep Rodés-Cabau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The optimal treatment of patients developing infective endocarditis (IE) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is uncertain. Objectives: The goal of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with TAVI-IE treated with cardiac surgery and antibiotics (IE-CS) compared with patients treated with antibiotics alone (IE-AB). Methods: Crude and inverse probability of treatment weighting analyses were applied for the treatment effect of cardiac surgery vs medical therapy on 1-year all-cause mortality in patients with definite TAVI-IE. The study used data from the Infectious Endocarditis after TAVI International Registry. Results: Among 584 patients, 111 patients (19%) were treated with IE-CS and 473 patients (81%) with IE-AB. Compared with IE-AB, IE-CS was not associated with a lower in-hospital mortality (HRunadj: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.58-1.25) and 1-year all-cause mortality (HRunadj: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.64-1.22) in the crude cohort. After adjusting for selection and immortal time bias, IE-CS compared with IE-AB was also not associated with lower mortality rates for in-hospital mortality (HRadj: 0.92; 95% CI: 0.80-1.05) and 1-year all-cause mortality (HRadj: 0.95; 95% CI: 0.84-1.07). Results remained similar when patients with and without TAVI prosthesis involvement were analyzed separately. Predictors for in-hospital and 1-year all-cause mortality included logistic EuroSCORE I, Staphylococcus aureus, acute renal failure, persistent bacteremia, and septic shock. Conclusions: In this registry, the majority of patients with TAVI-IE were treated with antibiotics alone. Cardiac surgery was not associated with an improved all-cause in-hospital or 1-year mortality. The high mortality of patients with TAVI-IE was strongly linked to patients’ characteristics, pathogen, and IE-related complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)772-785
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume79
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2022

Keywords

  • TAVI
  • antibiotics
  • cardiac surgery
  • infective endocarditis
  • outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Surgical Treatment of Patients With Infective Endocarditis After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this