Surface mapping of spike potential fields: Experienced EEGers vs. computerized analysis

Samuel Koszer, Solomon L. Moshé, Alan D. Legatt, Shlomo Shinnar, Eli S. Goldensohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


An EEG epileptiform spike focus recorded with scalp electrodes is clinically localized by visual estimation of the point of maximal voltage and the distribution of its surrounding voltages. We compared such estimated voltage maps, drawn by experienced electroencephalographers (EEGers), with a computerized spline interpolation technique employed in the commercially available software package FOCUS. Twenty-two spikes were recorded from 15 patients during long-term continuous EEG monitoring. Maps of voltage distribution from the 28 electrodes surrounding the points of maximum change in slope (the spike maximum) were constructed by the EEGer. The same points of maximum spike and voltage distributions at the 29 electrodes were mapped by computerized spline interpolation and a comparison between the two methods was made. The findings indicate that the computerized spline mapping techniques employed in FOCUS construct voltage maps with similar maxima and distributions as the maps created by experienced EEGers. The dynamics of spike activity, including correlations, are better visualized using the computerized technique than by manual interpretation alone. Its use as a technique for spike localization is accurate and adds information of potential clinical value.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalElectroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1996


  • Electroencephalogram
  • Epilepsy
  • Spike
  • Spline
  • Voltage maps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


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