Supraventricular Tachycardia in Adult Congenital Heart Disease: Mechanisms, Diagnosis, and Clinical Aspects

Christopher M. Janson, Maully J. Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Supraventricular arrhythmias represent a major source of morbidity in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). Anatomic variants and post-operative changes contribute to a unique electrophysiologic milieu ripe for the development of supraventricular tachycardia. Intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia is the most prevalent mechanism. Atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia is common in lesions associated with accessory pathways. Abnormal anatomy complicates the management of atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia. Tachycardia mediated by twin atrioventricular nodes is rare. Focal tachycardias are considerations in the ACHD population. Each of these tachycardia mechanisms is reviewed, focusing on the inherent diagnostic and therapeutic challenges.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-211
Number of pages23
JournalCardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • AV nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT)
  • Accessory pathway
  • Adult congenital heart disease (ACHD)
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia (AVRT)
  • Intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia (IART)
  • Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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