Suppression of renal inflammation with vitamins A and E in ascending pyelonephritis in rats

Robert T. Bennett, Richard J. Mazzaccaro, Neeru Chopra, Arnold Melman, Israel Franco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: We evaluated the effects of vitamin A and E supplementation alone or in combination with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the development of inflammation in an animal model of ascending pyelonephritis. Materials and Methods: Ascending pyelonephritis was induced in adult rats by surgical bladder inoculation with P-pili-forming Escherichia coli. Treatment of pyelonephritic rats was initiated at 72 hours post- infection. Treatment groups included no treatment, or a five day regimen of antibiotic only, antibiotic plus vitamins A and E, or antibiotic, vitamins and either of two NSAIDs. Kidneys were harvested at six weeks post-infection and assessed for histopathologic inflammation. Results: Antibiotic treatment of pyelonephritic rats with vitamins A and E alone or in combination with NSAIDs resulted in significantly less kidney inflammation, as compared with untreated rats or rats treated with antibiotic alone. There was no significant difference in inflammation between animals treated with vitamins alone or vitamins plus NSAIDs. Conclusions: Antibiotic therapy and diet supplementation with vitamins A and E can significantly reduce the inflammation associated with ascending pyelonephritis, suggesting a potential use in the medical management of reflux nephropathy in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1681-1684
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume161
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1999

Keywords

  • Pyelonephritis
  • Vesico-ureteral reflux
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Suppression of renal inflammation with vitamins A and E in ascending pyelonephritis in rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Bennett, R. T., Mazzaccaro, R. J., Chopra, N., Melman, A., & Franco, I. (1999). Suppression of renal inflammation with vitamins A and E in ascending pyelonephritis in rats. Journal of Urology, 161(5), 1681-1684. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5347(05)69004-0