PET using 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) has become an important part of the work-up for non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This article summarizes advancements in using FDG-PET for patients with locally advanced NSCLC treated with definitive radiation therapy (RT). This article discusses prognostication of outcome based on pretreatment or midtreatment PET metrics, using textural image features to predict treatment outcomes, and using PET to define RT target volumes and inform RT dose modifications. The role of PET is evolving and is moving toward using quantitative image information, with the overarching goal of individualizing therapy to improve outcomes for patients with NSCLC.
- Non–small cell lung cancer
- Radiation therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging