Sulindac derivatives that activate the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ but lack cyclooxygenase inhibition

Andrew S. Felts, Brianna S. Siegel, Shiu M. Young, Christopher W. Moth, Terry P. Lybrand, Andrew J. Dannenberg, Lawrence J. Marnett, Kotha Subbaramaiah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of novel derivatives of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) sulindac sulfide were synthesized as potential agonists of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). Nonpolar and aromatic substitutions on the benzylidene ring as well as retention of the carboxylic acid side chain were required for optimal activity. Compound 24 was as potent a compound as any other in the series with an EC50 of 0.1 μM for the induction of peroxisome proliferator response element (PPRE)-luciferase activity. Direct binding of compound 24 to PPARγ was demonstrated by the displacement of [3H]troglitazone, a PPARγ agonist, in a scintillation proximity assay. Compound 24 also stimulated the binding of PPARγ to a PPRE-containing oligonucleotide and induced expression of liver fatty-acid binding protein (L-FABP) and adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (aP2), two established PPARγ target genes. Taken together, these compounds represent potential leads in the development of novel PPARγ agonists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4911-4919
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume51
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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    Felts, A. S., Siegel, B. S., Young, S. M., Moth, C. W., Lybrand, T. P., Dannenberg, A. J., Marnett, L. J., & Subbaramaiah, K. (2008). Sulindac derivatives that activate the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ but lack cyclooxygenase inhibition. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 51(16), 4911-4919. https://doi.org/10.1021/jm700969c