Transport of a series of 3H-radiolabeled C23, C 24, and C27 bile acid derivatives was compared and contrasted in HeLa cell lines stably transfected with rat Na +/taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (ntcp) or organic anion transporting polypeptide 1 (oatp1) in which expression was under regulation of a zinc-inducible promoter. Similar uptake patterns were observed for both ntcp and oatp1, except that unconjugated hyodeoxycholate was a substrate of oatp1 but not ntcp. Conjugated bile acids were transported better than nonconjugated bile acids, and the configuration of the hydroxyl groups (α or β) had little influence on uptake. Although cholic and 23 norcholic acids were transported by ntcp and oatp1, other unconjugated bile acids (chenodeoxycholic, ursodeoxycholic) were not. In contrast to ntcp, oatp1-mediated uptake of the trihydroxy bile acids taurocholate and glycocholate was four- to eightfold below that of the corresponding dihydroxy conjugates. Ntcp mediated high affinity, sodium-dependent transport of [35S]sulfobromophthalein with a Km similar to that of oatp1-mediated transport of [ 35S] sulfobromophthalein (Km = 3.7 vs. 3.3 μM, respectively). In addition, for both transporters, uptake of sulfobromophthalein and taurocholic acid showed mutual competitive inhibition. These results indicate that the substrate specificity of ntcp is considerably broader than previously suspected and caution the extrapolation of transport data obtained in vitro to physiological function in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|Issue number||5 48-5|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2003|
- Cell transfection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)