Sub-diaphragmatic vagal afferent integration of meal-related gastrointestinal signals

Gary J. Schwartz, Timothy H. Moran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have established a method to investigate the range of mechanical, nutrient chemical and peptidergic meal-related stimuli that may generate vagal afferent neurophysiological signals critical to the negative feedback control of food intake in the rat. We have identified populations of fibers that respond with increased neurophysiological discharge rates to gastric loads, duodenal loads, and close celiac arterial administration of a brain-gut peptide, cholecystokinin. Load-sensitive fibers with gastric and duodenal mechanoreceptive fields are able to integrate information arising from mechanical and peptidergic stimulation, where cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK) administration potentiates subsequent responses to distending loads, and synergizes with distending loads to produce greater excitation than either load stimulus alone or peptide stimulation alone. In addition, we have identified situations where the duodenal presence of nutrients modifies the vagal afferent activity of gastric load-sensitive fibers. Thus, our approach can mimic the temporal and spatial distribution of meal-related stimuli in the gut, and reveals the potential for nutrients in one gastrointestinal compartment to affect neural signals arising from another gut compartment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-56
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cholecystokinin
  • Food intake
  • Gastric distension
  • Vagus
  • Visceral afferents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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