Structural characterization of the glycoprotein GP2 core domain from the CAS virus, a novel arenavirus-like species

Jayne F. Koellhoffer, Zhou Dai, Vladimir N. Malashkevich, Mark D. Stenglein, Yanyun Liu, Rafael Toro, Joseph S. Harrison, Kartik Chandran, Joseph L. Derisi, Steven C. Almo, Jonathan R. Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fusion of the viral and host cell membranes is a necessary first step for infection by enveloped viruses and is mediated by the envelope glycoprotein. The transmembrane subunits from the structurally defined "class I" glycoproteins adopt an α-helical "trimer-of-hairpins" conformation during the fusion pathway. Here, we present our studies on the envelope glycoprotein transmembrane subunit, GP2, of the CAS virus (CASV). CASV was recently identified from annulated tree boas (Corallus annulatus) with inclusion body disease and is implicated in the disease etiology. We have generated and characterized two protein constructs consisting of the predicted CASV GP2 core domain. The crystal structure of the CASV GP2 post-fusion conformation indicates a trimeric α-helical bundle that is highly similar to those of Ebola virus and Marburg virus GP2 despite CASV genome homology to arenaviruses. Denaturation studies demonstrate that the stability of CASV GP2 is pH dependent with higher stability at lower pH; we propose that this behavior is due to a network of interactions among acidic residues that would destabilize the α-helical bundle under conditions where the side chains are deprotonated. The pH-dependent stability of the post-fusion structure has been observed in Ebola virus and Marburg virus GP2, as well as other viruses that enter via the endosome. Infection experiments with CASV and the related Golden Gate virus support a mechanism of entry that requires endosomal acidification. Our results suggest that, despite being primarily arenavirus like, the transmembrane subunit of CASV is extremely similar to the filoviruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1452-1468
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume426
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2014

Fingerprint

Arenavirus
Viruses
Marburgvirus
Ebolavirus
Glycoproteins
Boidae
Bos taurus structural-GP protein
Viral Structures
Endosomes
Inclusion Bodies
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Virus Diseases
Cell Membrane
Genome

Keywords

  • arenavirus
  • filovirus
  • inclusion body disease
  • viral membrane fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Structural characterization of the glycoprotein GP2 core domain from the CAS virus, a novel arenavirus-like species. / Koellhoffer, Jayne F.; Dai, Zhou; Malashkevich, Vladimir N.; Stenglein, Mark D.; Liu, Yanyun; Toro, Rafael; S. Harrison, Joseph; Chandran, Kartik; Derisi, Joseph L.; Almo, Steven C.; Lai, Jonathan R.

In: Journal of Molecular Biology, Vol. 426, No. 7, 03.04.2014, p. 1452-1468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Koellhoffer, JF, Dai, Z, Malashkevich, VN, Stenglein, MD, Liu, Y, Toro, R, S. Harrison, J, Chandran, K, Derisi, JL, Almo, SC & Lai, JR 2014, 'Structural characterization of the glycoprotein GP2 core domain from the CAS virus, a novel arenavirus-like species', Journal of Molecular Biology, vol. 426, no. 7, pp. 1452-1468. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2013.12.009
Koellhoffer, Jayne F. ; Dai, Zhou ; Malashkevich, Vladimir N. ; Stenglein, Mark D. ; Liu, Yanyun ; Toro, Rafael ; S. Harrison, Joseph ; Chandran, Kartik ; Derisi, Joseph L. ; Almo, Steven C. ; Lai, Jonathan R. / Structural characterization of the glycoprotein GP2 core domain from the CAS virus, a novel arenavirus-like species. In: Journal of Molecular Biology. 2014 ; Vol. 426, No. 7. pp. 1452-1468.
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