Resonance Raman scattering studies are reported on freshly prepared and aged ferric, ligand-free ferrous, and CO-bound ferrous cytochrome c peroxidase. The ferric form of the fresh enzyme has a heme which is penta-coordinate high spin, independent of buffer over the pH range 4.3-7, as determined by well established Raman marker lines. The aged enzyme displays a mixture of spin and coordination states, but it can be stabilized in the penta-coordinate high spin form in the presence of phosphate. These results can be accounted for by considering the size of the channel (6 Å wide, 11 Å long) between the distal side of the heme and the outer surface of the protein. A phosphate ion may be accommodated in this channel resulting in the stabilization of the distal heme pocket. The ferrous cytochrome c peroxidase in both the ligand-free and CO-bound states has an acidic and an alkaline form. The acidic form has the characteristic spectral features of peroxidases: a high frequency iron-histidine stretching mode (248 cm-1), a high frequency Fe-CO stretching mode (537 cm-1), and a low frequency C-O stretching mode (1922 cm-1). At alkaline pH these frequencies become similar to those of hemoglobin and myoglobin, with the corresponding modes located at 227, 510, and 1948 cm-1, respectively. We attribute the acid/alkaline transition in the ferrous forms of cytochrome c peroxidase to a rearrangement mainly of the proximal side of the heme, culminating in a change of steric interactions between the proximal histidine and the heme or of the hydrogen bonding network involving the proximal histidine. The new data presented here reconcile many inconsistencies reported in the past.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology