Structural basis for the specific interaction of lysine-containing proline-rich peptides with the N-terminal SH3 domain of c-Crk

Xiaodong Wu, Beatrice Knudsen, Stephan M. Feller, Jie Zheng, Andrej Sali, David Cowburn, Hidesaburo Hanafusa, John Kuriyan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

207 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Proline-rich segments in the guanine nucleotide exchange factor C3G bind much more strongly to the N-terminal Src homology 3 domain (SH3-N) of the proto-oncogene product c-Crk than to other SH3 domains. The presence of a lysine instead of an arginine in the peptides derived from C3G appears to be crucial for this specificity towards c-Crk. Results In order to understand the chemical basis of this specificity we have determined the crystal structure of Crk SH3-N in complex with a high affinity peptide from C3G (PPPALPPKKR, Kd ∼2 μM) at 1.5 å resolution. The peptide adopts a polyproline type II helix that binds, as dictated by electrostatic complementarity, in reversed orientation relative to the orientation seen in the earliest structures of SH3-peptide complexes. A lysine in the C3G peptide is tightly coordinated by three acidic residues in the SH3 domain. In contrast, the co-crystal structure of c-Crk SH3-N and a peptide containing an arginine at the equivalent position (determined at 1.9 å resolution) reveals non-optimal geometry for the arginine and increased disorder. Conclusion The c-Crk SH3 domain engages in an unusual lysine-specific interaction that is rarely seen in protein structures, and which appears to be a key determinant of its unique ability to bind the C3G peptides with high affinity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-226
Number of pages12
JournalStructure
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SH3 domain
  • c-Crk
  • peptide binding
  • polyproline helix

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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