Stress-Induced Cardiomyopathy

Lili Zhang, Ileana L. Pina

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Stress-induced cardiomyopathy is characterized by reversible myocardial injury with distinctive regional wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricle, usually precipitated by an emotional or physical stressor. This condition has a strong predilection for older women and has a trend of increasing incidence. The diagnosis can be made based on symptoms, biomarkers, electrocardiogram, coronary angiogram, and noninvasive imaging. It is frequently complicated by acute heart failure, cardiogenic shock, arrhythmias, left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, and ventricular thrombi. Evidence of the treatment of stress-induced cardiomyopathy is limited. Prognosis is not benign; it carries substantial mortality, similar to that of acute coronary syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-53
Number of pages13
JournalHeart Failure Clinics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Apical ballooning syndrome
  • Clinical features
  • Outcomes
  • Stress induced cardiomyopathy
  • Takotsubo syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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