Streptococcus pneumoniae pulmonic valve endocarditis in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

Case report and review of literature

Abhijeet S. Nadkarni, Jose Orsini, Theo Trandafirescu, Vladimir Kvetan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Endocarditis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae has become uncommon in the penicillin era. Pneumococcal endocarditis most often presents as an ulcerative endocarditis causing rapid destruction of the normal aortic valve, but pulmonic valve involvement is rarely reported. Alcoholism is the most frequent underlying medical condition, and the infection typically follows pneumonia and may additionally be complicated by meningitis (Osler triad).The incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease has recently increased because of the onset of human immunodeficiency virus epidemic. We describe a case of S. pneumoniae endocarditis involving the pulmonic valve in a patient with human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome presenting with multilobar pneumonia and acute respiratory failure. Pertinent literature is reviewed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-203
Number of pages3
JournalInfectious Diseases in Clinical Practice
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

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Virus Diseases
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Endocarditis
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Lung
Pneumonia
Aortic Valve
Meningitis
Respiratory Insufficiency
Penicillins
Alcoholism
Incidence
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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