Strabismus in craniosynostosis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations


Strabismus is common in craniosynostosis, with rates from 39% to 90.9% in Crouzon, Apert, Pfeiffer, and Saethre-Chotzen syndromes. This article reviews the epidemiology of strabismus in these disorders and discusses competing theories of the mechanism, including absent muscles, excyclorotation of muscles, and instability of muscle pulleys. The authors then review options for surgical treatment of the often complex ocular misalignment in these disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-148
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 20 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Ophthalmology

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