Many types of ocular surgery can cause diplopia, including eyelid, conjunctival, cataract, refractive, glaucoma, retinal, and orbital surgery. Mechanisms include direct injury to the extraocular muscles from surgery or anesthesia, scarring of the muscle complex and/or conjunctiva, alteration of the muscle pulley system, mass effects from implants, and muscle displacement. Diplopia can also result from a loss of fusion secondary to long-standing poor vision in one eye or from a decompensation of preexisting strabismus that was not recognized preoperatively. Treatment, which typically begins with prisms and is followed by surgery when necessary, can be challenging. In this review, the incidence, mechanisms, and treatments involved in diplopia after various ocular surgeries are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health