Stevens Johnson Syndrome with Vaginal Pain and Lesions as Initial Presentation

Reid Mergler, Meleen Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are causes of rare but life-threatening emergencies characterized by desquamation of the skin and mucosa. As SJS most commonly presents with skin rash followed by mucosal involvement, we present a case of vulvovaginal lesions as the initial presentation with progression to SJS after re-exposure to the culprit drug. CASE REPORT A 27-year-old female with acute cystitis was given trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. After 2 days, she reported vaginal pain. Three days later, she was hospitalized with vulvovaginal ulcerations and restarted on trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, leading to worsening vaginal lesions with rapid desquamation of conjunctival and oropharyngeal involvement. Biopsies of arm lesions revealed SJS. CONCLUSIONS It is important to recognize SJS as a rare but life-threatening cause of vulvovaginal ulceration, as early diagnosis is vital for successful treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1519-1521
Number of pages3
JournalThe American journal of case reports
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2018

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Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Pain
Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination Trimethoprim
Cystitis
Exanthema
Early Diagnosis
Mucous Membrane
Emergencies
Biopsy
Skin
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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Stevens Johnson Syndrome with Vaginal Pain and Lesions as Initial Presentation. / Mergler, Reid; Chuang, Meleen.

In: The American journal of case reports, Vol. 19, 21.12.2018, p. 1519-1521.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - BACKGROUND Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are causes of rare but life-threatening emergencies characterized by desquamation of the skin and mucosa. As SJS most commonly presents with skin rash followed by mucosal involvement, we present a case of vulvovaginal lesions as the initial presentation with progression to SJS after re-exposure to the culprit drug. CASE REPORT A 27-year-old female with acute cystitis was given trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. After 2 days, she reported vaginal pain. Three days later, she was hospitalized with vulvovaginal ulcerations and restarted on trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, leading to worsening vaginal lesions with rapid desquamation of conjunctival and oropharyngeal involvement. Biopsies of arm lesions revealed SJS. CONCLUSIONS It is important to recognize SJS as a rare but life-threatening cause of vulvovaginal ulceration, as early diagnosis is vital for successful treatment.

AB - BACKGROUND Stevens Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are causes of rare but life-threatening emergencies characterized by desquamation of the skin and mucosa. As SJS most commonly presents with skin rash followed by mucosal involvement, we present a case of vulvovaginal lesions as the initial presentation with progression to SJS after re-exposure to the culprit drug. CASE REPORT A 27-year-old female with acute cystitis was given trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. After 2 days, she reported vaginal pain. Three days later, she was hospitalized with vulvovaginal ulcerations and restarted on trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, leading to worsening vaginal lesions with rapid desquamation of conjunctival and oropharyngeal involvement. Biopsies of arm lesions revealed SJS. CONCLUSIONS It is important to recognize SJS as a rare but life-threatening cause of vulvovaginal ulceration, as early diagnosis is vital for successful treatment.

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