State-dependent cross-linking of the M2 and M3 segments: Functional basis for the alignment of GABAA and acetylcholine receptor M3 segments

Michaela Jansen, Myles Akabas

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Construction of a GABAA receptor homology model based on the acetylcholine (ACh) receptor structure is complicated by the low sequence similarity between GABAA and ACh M3 transmembrane segments that creates significant uncertainty in their alignment. We determined the orientation of the GABAA M2 and M3 transmembrane segments using disulfide cross-linking. The M2 residues α1M266 (11′) and α1T267 (12′) were mutated to cysteine in either wild type or single M3 cysteine mutant (α1V297C, α1A300C to α1A305C) backgrounds. We assayed spontaneous and induced disulfide bond formation. Reduction with DTT significantly potentiated GABA-induced currents in α1T267C-L301C and α1T267C-F304C. Copper phenanthroline-induced oxidation inhibited GABA-induced currents in these mutants and in α1T267C-A305C. Intrasubunit disulfide bonds formed between these Cys pairs, implying that the α-carbon separation was at most 5.6 Å. The reactive α1M3 residues (L301, F304, A305) lie on the same face of an α-helix. The unresponsive ones (A300, I302, E303) lie on the opposite face. In the resting state, the reactive side of α1M3 faces M2-α1T267. In conjunction with the ACh structure, our data indicate that alignment of GABAA and ACh M3 requires a single gap in the GABAA M2-M3 loop. In the presence of GABA, oxidation of α1T267C-L301C and α1T267C-F304C had no effect, but oxidation of α1T267C-A305C caused a significant increase in spontaneous channel opening. We infer that, as the channel opens, the distance and/or orientation between M2-α1T267 and M3-α1A305 changes such that the disulfide bond stabilizes the open state. This begins to define the conformational motion that M2 undergoes during channel opening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4492-4499
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume26
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

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Cholinergic Receptors
GABA-A Receptors
Disulfides
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Acetylcholine
Cysteine
trichostatin A
Uncertainty
Carbon

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine receptor
  • Disulfide cross-linking
  • GABA receptor
  • Glycine
  • Ion channel
  • Serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "State-dependent cross-linking of the M2 and M3 segments: Functional basis for the alignment of GABAA and acetylcholine receptor M3 segments",
abstract = "Construction of a GABAA receptor homology model based on the acetylcholine (ACh) receptor structure is complicated by the low sequence similarity between GABAA and ACh M3 transmembrane segments that creates significant uncertainty in their alignment. We determined the orientation of the GABAA M2 and M3 transmembrane segments using disulfide cross-linking. The M2 residues α1M266 (11′) and α1T267 (12′) were mutated to cysteine in either wild type or single M3 cysteine mutant (α1V297C, α1A300C to α1A305C) backgrounds. We assayed spontaneous and induced disulfide bond formation. Reduction with DTT significantly potentiated GABA-induced currents in α1T267C-L301C and α1T267C-F304C. Copper phenanthroline-induced oxidation inhibited GABA-induced currents in these mutants and in α1T267C-A305C. Intrasubunit disulfide bonds formed between these Cys pairs, implying that the α-carbon separation was at most 5.6 {\AA}. The reactive α1M3 residues (L301, F304, A305) lie on the same face of an α-helix. The unresponsive ones (A300, I302, E303) lie on the opposite face. In the resting state, the reactive side of α1M3 faces M2-α1T267. In conjunction with the ACh structure, our data indicate that alignment of GABAA and ACh M3 requires a single gap in the GABAA M2-M3 loop. In the presence of GABA, oxidation of α1T267C-L301C and α1T267C-F304C had no effect, but oxidation of α1T267C-A305C caused a significant increase in spontaneous channel opening. We infer that, as the channel opens, the distance and/or orientation between M2-α1T267 and M3-α1A305 changes such that the disulfide bond stabilizes the open state. This begins to define the conformational motion that M2 undergoes during channel opening.",
keywords = "Acetylcholine receptor, Disulfide cross-linking, GABA receptor, Glycine, Ion channel, Serotonin",
author = "Michaela Jansen and Myles Akabas",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0224-06.2006",
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pages = "4492--4499",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - State-dependent cross-linking of the M2 and M3 segments

T2 - Functional basis for the alignment of GABAA and acetylcholine receptor M3 segments

AU - Jansen, Michaela

AU - Akabas, Myles

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Construction of a GABAA receptor homology model based on the acetylcholine (ACh) receptor structure is complicated by the low sequence similarity between GABAA and ACh M3 transmembrane segments that creates significant uncertainty in their alignment. We determined the orientation of the GABAA M2 and M3 transmembrane segments using disulfide cross-linking. The M2 residues α1M266 (11′) and α1T267 (12′) were mutated to cysteine in either wild type or single M3 cysteine mutant (α1V297C, α1A300C to α1A305C) backgrounds. We assayed spontaneous and induced disulfide bond formation. Reduction with DTT significantly potentiated GABA-induced currents in α1T267C-L301C and α1T267C-F304C. Copper phenanthroline-induced oxidation inhibited GABA-induced currents in these mutants and in α1T267C-A305C. Intrasubunit disulfide bonds formed between these Cys pairs, implying that the α-carbon separation was at most 5.6 Å. The reactive α1M3 residues (L301, F304, A305) lie on the same face of an α-helix. The unresponsive ones (A300, I302, E303) lie on the opposite face. In the resting state, the reactive side of α1M3 faces M2-α1T267. In conjunction with the ACh structure, our data indicate that alignment of GABAA and ACh M3 requires a single gap in the GABAA M2-M3 loop. In the presence of GABA, oxidation of α1T267C-L301C and α1T267C-F304C had no effect, but oxidation of α1T267C-A305C caused a significant increase in spontaneous channel opening. We infer that, as the channel opens, the distance and/or orientation between M2-α1T267 and M3-α1A305 changes such that the disulfide bond stabilizes the open state. This begins to define the conformational motion that M2 undergoes during channel opening.

AB - Construction of a GABAA receptor homology model based on the acetylcholine (ACh) receptor structure is complicated by the low sequence similarity between GABAA and ACh M3 transmembrane segments that creates significant uncertainty in their alignment. We determined the orientation of the GABAA M2 and M3 transmembrane segments using disulfide cross-linking. The M2 residues α1M266 (11′) and α1T267 (12′) were mutated to cysteine in either wild type or single M3 cysteine mutant (α1V297C, α1A300C to α1A305C) backgrounds. We assayed spontaneous and induced disulfide bond formation. Reduction with DTT significantly potentiated GABA-induced currents in α1T267C-L301C and α1T267C-F304C. Copper phenanthroline-induced oxidation inhibited GABA-induced currents in these mutants and in α1T267C-A305C. Intrasubunit disulfide bonds formed between these Cys pairs, implying that the α-carbon separation was at most 5.6 Å. The reactive α1M3 residues (L301, F304, A305) lie on the same face of an α-helix. The unresponsive ones (A300, I302, E303) lie on the opposite face. In the resting state, the reactive side of α1M3 faces M2-α1T267. In conjunction with the ACh structure, our data indicate that alignment of GABAA and ACh M3 requires a single gap in the GABAA M2-M3 loop. In the presence of GABA, oxidation of α1T267C-L301C and α1T267C-F304C had no effect, but oxidation of α1T267C-A305C caused a significant increase in spontaneous channel opening. We infer that, as the channel opens, the distance and/or orientation between M2-α1T267 and M3-α1A305 changes such that the disulfide bond stabilizes the open state. This begins to define the conformational motion that M2 undergoes during channel opening.

KW - Acetylcholine receptor

KW - Disulfide cross-linking

KW - GABA receptor

KW - Glycine

KW - Ion channel

KW - Serotonin

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