The surgical management of classic bladder exstrophy has evolved over time. Different techniques are used to address the challenge of reconstructing these patients. We review the long-term outcomes of bladder exstrophy treatment from the published literature with regard to urinary continence, voiding and secondary complications. Continence now can be achieved in up to 80% of children in specialist centres. Whether such success can sustained into adult life is uncertain. About 40% of adults are dry in the best hands. Up to 84% of children can void, but there is some evidence that this function is lost with time in 70%. The need for bladder augmentation is widely variable between series, reported in 0-70% of children. This reduces the ability to void spontaneously to about 50% of children. It brings with it the later risk of metabolic disturbance and stone formation. Adults with exstrophy have a 694-fold increase in the risk of bladder cancer by the age of 40 years.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||World Journal of Urology|
|State||Published - Aug 2006|
- Bladder exstrophy
- Urinary incontinence
ASJC Scopus subject areas