Splenic CD8α+ dendritic cells undergo rapid programming by cytosolic bacteria and inflammation to induce protective CD8+ T-cell memory

Laura Campisi, Saidi M Homa Soudja, Julie Cazareth, Delphine Bassand, Anne Lazzari, Frédéric Brau, Emilie Narni-Mancinelli, Nicolas Glaichenhaus, Frédéric Geissmann, Gregoire Lauvau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Memory CD8+ T lymphocytes are critical effector cells of the adaptive immune system mediating long-lived pathogen-specific protective immunity. Three signals - antigen, costimulation and inflammation - orchestrate optimal CD8+ T-cell priming and differentiation into effector and memory cells and shape T-cell functional fate and ability to protect against challenge infections. While among the conventional spleen DCs (cDCs), the CD8α+ but not the CD8α- cDCs most efficiently mediate CD8+ T-cell priming, it is unclear which subset, irrespective of their capacity to process MHC class I-associated antigens, is most efficient at inducing naïve CD8+ T-cell differentiation into pathogen-specific protective memory cells in vivo. Moreover, the origin of the required signals is still unclear. Using mice infected with the intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes, we show that splenic CD8α+ cDCs become endowed with all functional features to optimally prime protective memory CD8+ T cells in vivo within only a few hours post-immunization. Such programming requires both cytosolic signals resulting from bacterial invasion of the host cells and extracellular inflammatory mediators. Thus, these data designate these cells as the best candidates to facilitate the development of cell-based vaccine therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1594-1605
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Fingerprint

Dendritic Cells
Inflammation
Bacteria
T-Lymphocytes
Spleen
Cell Differentiation
Active Immunotherapy
Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
Cell Shape
Listeria monocytogenes
Immune System
Immunity
Immunization
Antigens
Infection

Keywords

  • CD8a dendritic cells
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Memory CD8 T cells
  • Protective immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

Splenic CD8α+ dendritic cells undergo rapid programming by cytosolic bacteria and inflammation to induce protective CD8+ T-cell memory. / Campisi, Laura; Soudja, Saidi M Homa; Cazareth, Julie; Bassand, Delphine; Lazzari, Anne; Brau, Frédéric; Narni-Mancinelli, Emilie; Glaichenhaus, Nicolas; Geissmann, Frédéric; Lauvau, Gregoire.

In: European Journal of Immunology, Vol. 41, No. 6, 06.2011, p. 1594-1605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Campisi, L, Soudja, SMH, Cazareth, J, Bassand, D, Lazzari, A, Brau, F, Narni-Mancinelli, E, Glaichenhaus, N, Geissmann, F & Lauvau, G 2011, 'Splenic CD8α+ dendritic cells undergo rapid programming by cytosolic bacteria and inflammation to induce protective CD8+ T-cell memory', European Journal of Immunology, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 1594-1605. https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.201041036
Campisi, Laura ; Soudja, Saidi M Homa ; Cazareth, Julie ; Bassand, Delphine ; Lazzari, Anne ; Brau, Frédéric ; Narni-Mancinelli, Emilie ; Glaichenhaus, Nicolas ; Geissmann, Frédéric ; Lauvau, Gregoire. / Splenic CD8α+ dendritic cells undergo rapid programming by cytosolic bacteria and inflammation to induce protective CD8+ T-cell memory. In: European Journal of Immunology. 2011 ; Vol. 41, No. 6. pp. 1594-1605.
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