Spine Surgery—Part II: Ceramic and Non-ceramic Bone Substitutes: A Surgical Perspective

Sanghyo Lee, Matthew T. Morris, David A. Essig, Woojin Cho

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Bone grafts have been used for decades to achieve successful bone fusion in spinal surgeries. Autograft is the most effective bone graft due to the properties of osteogenesis, osteoconduction, and osteoinduction. However, autograft may not always be available in sufficient quantities, and harvesting may cause patient morbidity. Various ceramic and non-ceramic bone graft extenders have been introduced to limit the need for autograft harvest. These bone substitutes have rapidly evolved in recent years with technological and industrial advancements. Spinal surgeons should closely follow new trends in this industry to achieve the best outcomes for their patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSpringer Series in Biomaterials Science and Engineering
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Pages231-246
Number of pages16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Publication series

NameSpringer Series in Biomaterials Science and Engineering
Volume18
ISSN (Print)2195-0644
ISSN (Electronic)2195-0652

Keywords

  • Allograft
  • Autograft
  • Bioactive glass
  • Bone grafts
  • Calcium sulfate
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Spinal fusion
  • Tricalcium phosphate (TCP)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials

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