Somatic hypermutation in MutS homologue (MSH)3-, MSH6-, and MSH3/MSH6-deficient mice reveals a role for the MSH2-MSH6 heterodimer in modulating the base substitution pattern

Margrit Wiesendanger, Burkhard Kneitz, Winfried Edelmann, Matthew D. Scharff

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162 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the primary function of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system is to identify and correct base mismatches that have been erroneously introduced during DNA replication, recent studies have further implicated several MMR components in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes. We studied the immune response in mice deficient in MutS homologue (MSH)3 and MSH6, two mutually exclusive partners of MSH2 that have not been examined previously for their role in Ig hypermutation. In Msh6(-/-) and Msh3(-/-)/Msh6(-/-) mice, base substitutions are preferentially targeted to G and C nucleotides and to an RGYW hot spot, as has been shown previously in Msh2(-/-) mice. In contrast, Msh3(-/-) mice show no differences from their littermate controls. These findings indicate that the MSH2-MSH6 heterodimer, but not the MSH2-MSH3 complex, is responsible for modulating Ig hypermutation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-584
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume191
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 7 2000

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DNA Mismatch Repair
Immunoglobulins
Immunoglobulin Genes
DNA Replication
Nucleotides

Keywords

  • DNA mismatch repair
  • Germinal center
  • Immunoglobulin genes
  • Msh3
  • Msh6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Somatic hypermutation in MutS homologue (MSH)3-, MSH6-, and MSH3/MSH6-deficient mice reveals a role for the MSH2-MSH6 heterodimer in modulating the base substitution pattern",
abstract = "Although the primary function of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system is to identify and correct base mismatches that have been erroneously introduced during DNA replication, recent studies have further implicated several MMR components in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes. We studied the immune response in mice deficient in MutS homologue (MSH)3 and MSH6, two mutually exclusive partners of MSH2 that have not been examined previously for their role in Ig hypermutation. In Msh6(-/-) and Msh3(-/-)/Msh6(-/-) mice, base substitutions are preferentially targeted to G and C nucleotides and to an RGYW hot spot, as has been shown previously in Msh2(-/-) mice. In contrast, Msh3(-/-) mice show no differences from their littermate controls. These findings indicate that the MSH2-MSH6 heterodimer, but not the MSH2-MSH3 complex, is responsible for modulating Ig hypermutation.",
keywords = "DNA mismatch repair, Germinal center, Immunoglobulin genes, Msh3, Msh6",
author = "Margrit Wiesendanger and Burkhard Kneitz and Winfried Edelmann and Scharff, {Matthew D.}",
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AU - Wiesendanger, Margrit

AU - Kneitz, Burkhard

AU - Edelmann, Winfried

AU - Scharff, Matthew D.

PY - 2000/2/7

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N2 - Although the primary function of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system is to identify and correct base mismatches that have been erroneously introduced during DNA replication, recent studies have further implicated several MMR components in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes. We studied the immune response in mice deficient in MutS homologue (MSH)3 and MSH6, two mutually exclusive partners of MSH2 that have not been examined previously for their role in Ig hypermutation. In Msh6(-/-) and Msh3(-/-)/Msh6(-/-) mice, base substitutions are preferentially targeted to G and C nucleotides and to an RGYW hot spot, as has been shown previously in Msh2(-/-) mice. In contrast, Msh3(-/-) mice show no differences from their littermate controls. These findings indicate that the MSH2-MSH6 heterodimer, but not the MSH2-MSH3 complex, is responsible for modulating Ig hypermutation.

AB - Although the primary function of the DNA mismatch repair (MMR) system is to identify and correct base mismatches that have been erroneously introduced during DNA replication, recent studies have further implicated several MMR components in somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin (Ig) genes. We studied the immune response in mice deficient in MutS homologue (MSH)3 and MSH6, two mutually exclusive partners of MSH2 that have not been examined previously for their role in Ig hypermutation. In Msh6(-/-) and Msh3(-/-)/Msh6(-/-) mice, base substitutions are preferentially targeted to G and C nucleotides and to an RGYW hot spot, as has been shown previously in Msh2(-/-) mice. In contrast, Msh3(-/-) mice show no differences from their littermate controls. These findings indicate that the MSH2-MSH6 heterodimer, but not the MSH2-MSH3 complex, is responsible for modulating Ig hypermutation.

KW - DNA mismatch repair

KW - Germinal center

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KW - Msh6

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