Solution structures of FcεRI α-chain mimics: A β-hairpin peptide and its retroenantiomer

James M. McDonnell, David Fushman, Sean M. Cahill, Brian J. Sutton, David Cowburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A central event in the development of the allergic response is the interaction between immunoglobulin E (IgE) and its cellular high-affinity receptor FcεRI. Allergen-bound IgE mediates the allergic response by binding through its Fc region to its cellular receptor on mast cells and basophils, causing the release of chemical mediators. One strategy for the treatment of allergic disorders is the use of therapeutic compounds which would inhibit the interaction between IgE and FcεRI. Using a structure-based design approach, conformationally constrained synthetic peptides were designed to mimic a biologically active β-hairpin region of the α-chain of FcεRI. Two peptide mimics of the FcεRI α-chain were previously shown to inhibit IgE- FcεRI interactions, one a peptide comprised of L-amino acids, covalently cyclized by N- and C-terminal cysteine residues, and the other its retroenantiomer. In this paper the solution structures of these compounds are derived using NMR spectroscopy. The topochemical relationship between the retroenantiomeric compounds and the structural basis of their biological activity is described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5321-5328
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume119
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 11 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Immunoglobulin E
Peptides
Allergens
Bioactivity
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Basophils
Amino acids
Therapeutic Uses
Mast Cells
Cysteine
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Amino Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Solution structures of FcεRI α-chain mimics : A β-hairpin peptide and its retroenantiomer. / McDonnell, James M.; Fushman, David; Cahill, Sean M.; Sutton, Brian J.; Cowburn, David.

In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 119, No. 23, 11.06.1997, p. 5321-5328.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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