Solriamfetol for the Treatment of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in Participants with Narcolepsy with and without Cataplexy: Subgroup Analysis of Efficacy and Safety Data by Cataplexy Status in a Randomized Controlled Trial

Yves Dauvilliers, Colin Shapiro, Geert Mayer, Gert Jan Lammers, Helene Emsellem, Giuseppe Plazzi, Dan Chen, Lawrence P. Carter, Lawrence Lee, Jed Black, Michael J. Thorpy

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Solriamfetol, a dopamine/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, improved wakefulness and reduced excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in studies of participants with narcolepsy with and without cataplexy. Objective: Prespecified subgroup analyses of data from a 12-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase III trial of solriamfetol for EDS in narcolepsy evaluated the efficacy and safety of solriamfetol by cataplexy status. Methods: Participants with narcolepsy received solriamfetol (75, 150, or 300 mg/day) or placebo and were stratified by cataplexy status. Coprimary endpoints were change from baseline on Maintenance of Wakefulness Test (MWT) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS); Patient Global Impression of Change (PGI-C) was the key secondary endpoint. Change in frequency of cataplexy attacks was evaluated in participants reporting cataplexy at baseline. Safety was evaluated. No adjustments were made for multiple comparisons; therefore p values are nominal. Results: There were 117 participants in the cataplexy subgroup and 114 in the non-cataplexy subgroup. At week 12, least-squares (LS) mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) differences from placebo on change from baseline in MWT for solriamfetol 75, 150, and 300 mg in the cataplexy subgroup were 1.6 (− 3.6 to 6.9), 6.1 (0.7–11.4), and 8.9 (3.5–14.2) minutes, respectively (p < 0.05; 150 and 300 mg), and in the non-cataplexy subgroup were 3.4 (− 1.9 to 8.7), 9.1 (3.8–14.3), and 11.2 (5.8–16.6) minutes, respectively (p < 0.001; 150 and 300 mg). At week 12, LS mean (95% CI) differences from placebo on ESS change from baseline for solriamfetol 75, 150, and 300 mg in the cataplexy subgroup were − 1.3 (− 3.9 to 1.3), − 3.7 (− 6.4 to − 1.1), and − 4.5 (− 7.1 to − 1.9), respectively (p < 0.01; 150 and 300 mg), and in the non-cataplexy subgroup were − 3.0 (− 5.6 to − 0.4), − 3.7 (− 6.3 to − 1.2), and − 4.9 (− 7.6 to − 2.2), respectively (p < 0.05; all doses). For PGI-C at week 12, the mean percentage difference from placebo (95% CI) for solriamfetol 75, 150, and 300 mg in the cataplexy subgroup was 10% (− 15 to 35), 33% (9–57), and 39% (16–61), respectively (p < 0.05; 150 and 300 mg), and in the non-cataplexy subgroup was 48% (25–70), 44% (21–67), and 52% (30–73), respectively (p < 0.001; all doses), with somewhat differential treatment effects for 75 mg by cataplexy status. No changes in the number of cataplexy attacks were observed for solriamfetol compared with placebo (mean ± standard deviation changes: − 3.6 ± 13.3 [combined solriamfetol] and − 3.5 ± 9.8 [placebo]). Common adverse events (headache, nausea, decreased appetite, and nasopharyngitis) were similar between cataplexy subgroups. Conclusions: These data strongly indicate that solriamfetol was effective in treating EDS in participants with narcolepsy with or without cataplexy, as indicated by robust effects on MWT, ESS, and PGI-C. The safety profile was similar regardless of cataplexy status. Trial Registration and Date: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02348593. 28 January 2015.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)773-784
Number of pages12
JournalCNS Drugs
Volume34
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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