Social Networks of Substance Users With HIV Infection

Application of the Norbeck Social Support Scale

Patricia J. Kelly, Megha Ramaswamy, Xuan Li, Alain H. Litwin, Karina M. Berg, Julia H. Arnsten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of social support networks in medication adherence among HIV-infected substance users remains understudied. In this secondary data analysis, the authors sought to determine the relationship between social support networks and antiretroviral adherence among HIV-infected substance abusers receiving methadone. They analyzed data collected in a 24-week study of 76 methadone-maintained, HIV-infected substance abusers randomized to directly observed antiretroviral therapy or treatment as usual. The authors used logistic regression to examine the relationship between social support networks and self-reported antiretroviral adherence. Their results showed that study participants had an average of 1.36 social network members (SD = 1.4); 34% of participants had at least one drug user and 25% had at least one HIV-infected person in their network. The presence of network drug users and HIV-infected network members was associated with less antiretroviral medication adherence (p < .05). The authors conclude that both social network density and characteristics of network members have implications for medication adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-634
Number of pages14
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Fingerprint

Social Support
HIV Infections
HIV
Medication Adherence
Methadone
Drug Users
Directly Observed Therapy
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • HIV positive
  • Norbeck Social Support Scale
  • social networks
  • social support
  • substance use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Social Networks of Substance Users With HIV Infection : Application of the Norbeck Social Support Scale. / Kelly, Patricia J.; Ramaswamy, Megha; Li, Xuan; Litwin, Alain H.; Berg, Karina M.; Arnsten, Julia H.

In: Western Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 34, No. 5, 08.2012, p. 621-634.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kelly, Patricia J. ; Ramaswamy, Megha ; Li, Xuan ; Litwin, Alain H. ; Berg, Karina M. ; Arnsten, Julia H. / Social Networks of Substance Users With HIV Infection : Application of the Norbeck Social Support Scale. In: Western Journal of Nursing Research. 2012 ; Vol. 34, No. 5. pp. 621-634.
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