Social Media Use and HIV-Related Risk Behaviors in Young Black and Latino Gay and Bi Men and Transgender Individuals in New York City: Implications for Online Interventions

Viraj V. Patel, Mariya Masyukova, Desmond Sutton, Keith J. Horvath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urban young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender women continue to experience high rates of new HIV infections in the USA, yet most of this population is not reached by current prevention interventions. The rate of Internet and social media use among youth is high. However, continually updated understanding of the associations between social media access and use and HIV risk behaviors is needed to reach and tailor technology-delivered interventions for those most vulnerable to HIV—racially and ethnically diverse urban YMSM and transgender persons. Thus, we conducted an in-person, venue-based cross-sectional survey among young gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals at locations primarily visited by Black and Latino gay and bisexual and transgender individuals in New York City to understand social media use and how it may relate to HIV risk behaviors to inform social media-based interventions. Among 102 primarily Black and Latino gay and bisexual men (75.5 %) and transgender women (19.6 %), over 90 % were under 30 years of age, 18.6 % reported homelessness in the past 6 months, and 10.8 % reported having HIV. All participants used social media, most accessed these platforms most often via a mobile device (67.6 %) and most logged on multiple times per day (87.3 %). Participants used social media to seek sex partners (56.7 %), exchange sex for money or clothes (19.6 %), and exchange sex for drugs (9.8 %). These results confirm prior studies demonstrating the feasibility of using social media platforms to reach at-risk, urban youth. Of particular concern is the association between recent STI and exchanging sex for money/clothes and drugs. Interventions using social media for young, urban minority MSM and transgender populations should incorporate risk reduction modules addressing exchange partners and promote frequent and regular HIV/STI testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Urban Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 2 2016

Fingerprint

Transgender Persons
Social Media
Risk-Taking
social media
Hispanic Americans
risk behavior
HIV
Clothing
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
money
drug
Homeless Persons
human being
Sexual Minorities
Feasibility Studies
Risk Reduction Behavior
homelessness
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Internet
Population

Keywords

  • Gay
  • HIV
  • LGBT
  • Prevention
  • Social media
  • Social networking
  • Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

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title = "Social Media Use and HIV-Related Risk Behaviors in Young Black and Latino Gay and Bi Men and Transgender Individuals in New York City: Implications for Online Interventions",
abstract = "Urban young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and transgender women continue to experience high rates of new HIV infections in the USA, yet most of this population is not reached by current prevention interventions. The rate of Internet and social media use among youth is high. However, continually updated understanding of the associations between social media access and use and HIV risk behaviors is needed to reach and tailor technology-delivered interventions for those most vulnerable to HIV—racially and ethnically diverse urban YMSM and transgender persons. Thus, we conducted an in-person, venue-based cross-sectional survey among young gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals at locations primarily visited by Black and Latino gay and bisexual and transgender individuals in New York City to understand social media use and how it may relate to HIV risk behaviors to inform social media-based interventions. Among 102 primarily Black and Latino gay and bisexual men (75.5 {\%}) and transgender women (19.6 {\%}), over 90 {\%} were under 30 years of age, 18.6 {\%} reported homelessness in the past 6 months, and 10.8 {\%} reported having HIV. All participants used social media, most accessed these platforms most often via a mobile device (67.6 {\%}) and most logged on multiple times per day (87.3 {\%}). Participants used social media to seek sex partners (56.7 {\%}), exchange sex for money or clothes (19.6 {\%}), and exchange sex for drugs (9.8 {\%}). These results confirm prior studies demonstrating the feasibility of using social media platforms to reach at-risk, urban youth. Of particular concern is the association between recent STI and exchanging sex for money/clothes and drugs. Interventions using social media for young, urban minority MSM and transgender populations should incorporate risk reduction modules addressing exchange partners and promote frequent and regular HIV/STI testing.",
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