Mot1 is a conserved Snf2/Swi2-related transcriptional regulator that uses ATP hydrolysis to displace TATA-binding protein (TBP) from DNA. Several models of the enzymatic mechanism have been proposed, including Mot1-catalyzed distortion of TBP structure, competition between Mot1 and DNA for the TBP DNA-binding surface, and ATP-driven translocation of Mot1 along DNA. Here, DNase I footprinting studies provide strong support for a 'DNA-based' mechanism of Mot1, which we propose involves ATP-driven DNA translocation. Mot1 forms an asymmetric complex with the TBP core domain (TBPc)-DNA complex, contacting DNA both upstream and within the major groove of the TATA Box. Contact with upstream DNA is required for Mot1-mediated displacement of TBPc from DNA. Using the SsoRad54-DNA complex as a model, DNA-binding residues in Mot1 were identified that are critical for Mot1-TBPc-DNA complex formation and catalytic activity, thus placing Mot1 mechanistically within the helicase superfamily. We also report a novel ATP-independent TBPc displacement activity for Mot1 and describe conformational heterogeneity in the Mot1 ATPase, which is likely a general feature of other enzymes in this class.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)