Smoking among U.S. hispanic/latino adults: The hispanic community health study/study of latinos

Robert C. Kaplan, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Janice M. Barnhart, Sheila F. Castañeda, Marc D. Gellman, David J. Lee, Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable, Gregory A. Talavera, Marston E. Youngblood, Aida L. Giachello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Prior national surveys capture smoking behaviors of the aggregated U.S. Hispanic/Latino population, possibly obscuring subgroup variation. Purpose To describe cigarette use among Hispanic/Latino adults across subgroups of age, gender, national background, SES, birthplace, and degree of acculturation to the dominant U.S. culture. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 16,322 participants in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos aged 18-74 years, recruited in Bronx NY, Chicago IL, Miami FL, and San Diego CA, was conducted during 2008-2011. Results Prevalence of current smoking was highest among Puerto Ricans (men, 35.0%; women, 32.6%) and Cubans (men, 31.3%; women, 21.9%), with particularly high smoking intensity noted among Cubans as measured by pack-years and cigarettes/day. Dominicans had the lowest smoking prevalence (men, 11.0%; women, 11.7%). Individuals of other national backgrounds had a smoking prevalence that was intermediate between these groups, and typically higher among men than women. Non-daily smoking was common, particularly although not exclusively among young men of Mexican background. Persons of low SES were more likely to smoke, less likely to have quit smoking, and less frequently used over-the-counter quit aids compared to those with higher income and education levels. Smoking was more common among individuals who who were born in the U.S. and had a higher level of acculturation to the dominant U.S. culture, particularly among women. Conclusions: Smoking behaviors vary widely across Hispanic/Latino groups in the U.S., with a high prevalence of smoking among population subgroups with specific, readily identifiable characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-506
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Smoking
Health
Acculturation
Tobacco Products
Smoke
Population
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Kaplan, R. C., Bangdiwala, S. I., Barnhart, J. M., Castañeda, S. F., Gellman, M. D., Lee, D. J., ... Giachello, A. L. (2014). Smoking among U.S. hispanic/latino adults: The hispanic community health study/study of latinos. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 46(5), 496-506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.01.014

Smoking among U.S. hispanic/latino adults : The hispanic community health study/study of latinos. / Kaplan, Robert C.; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.; Barnhart, Janice M.; Castañeda, Sheila F.; Gellman, Marc D.; Lee, David J.; Pérez-Stable, Eliseo J.; Talavera, Gregory A.; Youngblood, Marston E.; Giachello, Aida L.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 46, No. 5, 2014, p. 496-506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kaplan, RC, Bangdiwala, SI, Barnhart, JM, Castañeda, SF, Gellman, MD, Lee, DJ, Pérez-Stable, EJ, Talavera, GA, Youngblood, ME & Giachello, AL 2014, 'Smoking among U.S. hispanic/latino adults: The hispanic community health study/study of latinos', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 496-506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.01.014
Kaplan, Robert C. ; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I. ; Barnhart, Janice M. ; Castañeda, Sheila F. ; Gellman, Marc D. ; Lee, David J. ; Pérez-Stable, Eliseo J. ; Talavera, Gregory A. ; Youngblood, Marston E. ; Giachello, Aida L. / Smoking among U.S. hispanic/latino adults : The hispanic community health study/study of latinos. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 46, No. 5. pp. 496-506.
@article{1c75ac644bc745b387c0f34114c1b061,
title = "Smoking among U.S. hispanic/latino adults: The hispanic community health study/study of latinos",
abstract = "Background Prior national surveys capture smoking behaviors of the aggregated U.S. Hispanic/Latino population, possibly obscuring subgroup variation. Purpose To describe cigarette use among Hispanic/Latino adults across subgroups of age, gender, national background, SES, birthplace, and degree of acculturation to the dominant U.S. culture. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 16,322 participants in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos aged 18-74 years, recruited in Bronx NY, Chicago IL, Miami FL, and San Diego CA, was conducted during 2008-2011. Results Prevalence of current smoking was highest among Puerto Ricans (men, 35.0{\%}; women, 32.6{\%}) and Cubans (men, 31.3{\%}; women, 21.9{\%}), with particularly high smoking intensity noted among Cubans as measured by pack-years and cigarettes/day. Dominicans had the lowest smoking prevalence (men, 11.0{\%}; women, 11.7{\%}). Individuals of other national backgrounds had a smoking prevalence that was intermediate between these groups, and typically higher among men than women. Non-daily smoking was common, particularly although not exclusively among young men of Mexican background. Persons of low SES were more likely to smoke, less likely to have quit smoking, and less frequently used over-the-counter quit aids compared to those with higher income and education levels. Smoking was more common among individuals who who were born in the U.S. and had a higher level of acculturation to the dominant U.S. culture, particularly among women. Conclusions: Smoking behaviors vary widely across Hispanic/Latino groups in the U.S., with a high prevalence of smoking among population subgroups with specific, readily identifiable characteristics.",
author = "Kaplan, {Robert C.} and Bangdiwala, {Shrikant I.} and Barnhart, {Janice M.} and Casta{\~n}eda, {Sheila F.} and Gellman, {Marc D.} and Lee, {David J.} and P{\'e}rez-Stable, {Eliseo J.} and Talavera, {Gregory A.} and Youngblood, {Marston E.} and Giachello, {Aida L.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.amepre.2014.01.014",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "496--506",
journal = "American Journal of Preventive Medicine",
issn = "0749-3797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Smoking among U.S. hispanic/latino adults

T2 - The hispanic community health study/study of latinos

AU - Kaplan, Robert C.

AU - Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.

AU - Barnhart, Janice M.

AU - Castañeda, Sheila F.

AU - Gellman, Marc D.

AU - Lee, David J.

AU - Pérez-Stable, Eliseo J.

AU - Talavera, Gregory A.

AU - Youngblood, Marston E.

AU - Giachello, Aida L.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Background Prior national surveys capture smoking behaviors of the aggregated U.S. Hispanic/Latino population, possibly obscuring subgroup variation. Purpose To describe cigarette use among Hispanic/Latino adults across subgroups of age, gender, national background, SES, birthplace, and degree of acculturation to the dominant U.S. culture. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 16,322 participants in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos aged 18-74 years, recruited in Bronx NY, Chicago IL, Miami FL, and San Diego CA, was conducted during 2008-2011. Results Prevalence of current smoking was highest among Puerto Ricans (men, 35.0%; women, 32.6%) and Cubans (men, 31.3%; women, 21.9%), with particularly high smoking intensity noted among Cubans as measured by pack-years and cigarettes/day. Dominicans had the lowest smoking prevalence (men, 11.0%; women, 11.7%). Individuals of other national backgrounds had a smoking prevalence that was intermediate between these groups, and typically higher among men than women. Non-daily smoking was common, particularly although not exclusively among young men of Mexican background. Persons of low SES were more likely to smoke, less likely to have quit smoking, and less frequently used over-the-counter quit aids compared to those with higher income and education levels. Smoking was more common among individuals who who were born in the U.S. and had a higher level of acculturation to the dominant U.S. culture, particularly among women. Conclusions: Smoking behaviors vary widely across Hispanic/Latino groups in the U.S., with a high prevalence of smoking among population subgroups with specific, readily identifiable characteristics.

AB - Background Prior national surveys capture smoking behaviors of the aggregated U.S. Hispanic/Latino population, possibly obscuring subgroup variation. Purpose To describe cigarette use among Hispanic/Latino adults across subgroups of age, gender, national background, SES, birthplace, and degree of acculturation to the dominant U.S. culture. Methods A cross-sectional survey of 16,322 participants in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos aged 18-74 years, recruited in Bronx NY, Chicago IL, Miami FL, and San Diego CA, was conducted during 2008-2011. Results Prevalence of current smoking was highest among Puerto Ricans (men, 35.0%; women, 32.6%) and Cubans (men, 31.3%; women, 21.9%), with particularly high smoking intensity noted among Cubans as measured by pack-years and cigarettes/day. Dominicans had the lowest smoking prevalence (men, 11.0%; women, 11.7%). Individuals of other national backgrounds had a smoking prevalence that was intermediate between these groups, and typically higher among men than women. Non-daily smoking was common, particularly although not exclusively among young men of Mexican background. Persons of low SES were more likely to smoke, less likely to have quit smoking, and less frequently used over-the-counter quit aids compared to those with higher income and education levels. Smoking was more common among individuals who who were born in the U.S. and had a higher level of acculturation to the dominant U.S. culture, particularly among women. Conclusions: Smoking behaviors vary widely across Hispanic/Latino groups in the U.S., with a high prevalence of smoking among population subgroups with specific, readily identifiable characteristics.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84899003081&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84899003081&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.01.014

DO - 10.1016/j.amepre.2014.01.014

M3 - Article

C2 - 24745640

AN - SCOPUS:84899003081

VL - 46

SP - 496

EP - 506

JO - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

JF - American Journal of Preventive Medicine

SN - 0749-3797

IS - 5

ER -